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Full text of "Constitution and playing rules of the National league and American association of professional base ball clubs"

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i892. 



CONSTITUTION 



AND- 



Playing Rules 



OF THE 



NATIONAL LEAGUE 

AND 

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION 

OF 

PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS 



OFFICIAL PUBLICATION. 



Published by a. G. SPALDING & BROS. 

10S Madison Street. Chicago. 241 Broadway New York. 

1032 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 



CORRECT DIAGRAM OF A BALL GROUND. 



Wi« 



'. fcntre 



Bighl 



2d Baseman 




A. A. A. — Ground reserved for Umpire* Batsman and Catcher. 

B. B.— Ground received for Captain and Assistant. 
C.— Players' Bench. D --Visiting Players' Bat Rack. 

E.— Home Players' Bat K;t k. 



CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

Wational League and American, fcociatioq 



PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 
1892. 



NAME, 

riON i. — (i) This association shall be called "The Na- 
tional League and American Association of Professional 

I Sail l 

OBJEI IS. 

Sec. 2.— The objects of this Li 

in To perpetuate base ball as the national game of the 
United States, and to surround it with such safeguard! 
warrant for the future absolute public confidence in its integrity 
and metbi 

!_■> To protect and promote the mutual interests of profes- 
sional base ball clubs and professional base ball players, and 

|i. establish and regulate the base ball champion 
of the United States. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

3.— This League shall consist ot twelve cl 
I of which shall not be in, liminished 

period often ;,'■ following •named cities. i(,. 

wit, Boston, New York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Baltimore, 
in, Pittsburg, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Louisville, 
Cleveland and I I such other clubs .as may, from 

to time, be elected to membership as may bi 
vided for. but in no event shall there be mere tlian one club in 
■ ity. 

WITHDRAWAL I ROM MEMBERSHIP. 

SEC. 4. — Any club member of this League finding i 

e to meet the obligations it has assumed shall have the 
right to ask the League for pern dispose of its rights 



C0NST11 lil'iN. 



and franchises as a member of this League to some other city 
or organization. In the event of this League giving its 
sent to the acceptance of such city or organization to member- 
ship, such club member shall be admitted to membership, pro- 
viding said club shall assume, together with the rights and 
franchises of said retiring club, all the liabilities, responsibil- 
ities and obligations entered into by said retiring club as a 
member of this League. Provided, however, and it must bt so 
understood by the retiring and the new member, that the retir- 
ing club shall not be relieved or released from any contracts, 
responsibilities or obligations entered into by it to this League 
until all of said contracts, responsibilities and obligations have 
been fully paid and determined by the club accepting its mem- 
lip, rights, franchises, etc. 

ADMISSION TO MEMBERSHIP. 
. 5. — Xo club shall be admitted unless it shall first 
have delivered to the secretary oi the 1 eagui a written applica- 
tion for membership, signed by its president and secretary, ac- 
1 .inied by documents showing that such club bears the 
name of the city in which it is located, and that it is regularly 
organized and officered, and, where the State law permits it, 
chartered. Such application shall at once be transmitted bj 
the secretary to the Hoard of Directors, who shall immediately 
investigate and report upon said application, said report to be 
communicated to the League through the secretary. 

SEC. 6. — The voting upon an application for membership 
shall be by ballot, a three-fourths vote being requisite for election. 

IN' REGARD TO VACANCH 

Sec. 7. — In case a vacancy occurs in the membership of 
this organization during the championship season the presi- 
dent shall nominate to all the clubs all applicants for men 
siiip, and the vote thereon may be taken by telegraph or mail, 
as occasion may require, and a majority of all the clubs will 
be required to admit any applicant to membership. Such 
membership, however, shall continue only until the next annual 
meeting, but such club shall be subject to all the rules and re- 
quirements of this organization. 

TERMINATION 01 MEMBERSHIP. 

. S. — The membership of any club may be termi- 
nated — 

(1) By resignation duly accepted by a three-fourths vote ol 
all the clubs in meeting duly convened, as provided in Sec. 4. 



CONSTITUTION. 5 

(2) Failure to present its nine at the time and place agreed 
u inn t<> play any championship game, unless caused by un- 
a oidable accident in traveling. 

(3) Allowing open betting or pool selling upon its grounds 
or in any building owned or occupied by it. 

(4) Playing any game of ball with a club that is disqualified 
or ineligible under this constitution. 

(5) Offering, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to lose 
any game of ball, or failing to immediately expel any player 
who shall be proven guilty of offering, agreeing, conspiring or 
attempting to lose any game of ball, or of being interested in 
any pool or wager thereon. 

11) Disbandment of its organization or team during the 
championship season. 

17) Failing or refusing to fulfill its contractual obliga- 
tions. 

ii Failing or refusing to comply with any lawful require- 
ment of the Board of Directors. 

(9) Willfully violating any provision of this constitution, 
or the legislation or playing rules made in pursuance thereof. 



THE EXPULSION OF ill BS, 

SEC, 9. — To carry into effect the provisions of Sec. S of 
this constitution the facts in any case covered by such section 
must be reported to the Secretary of the League, who shall at 
once notify by mail or telegraph the party charged with the 
specified default or offense, inquiring whether any dispute exist-. 
the facts alleged. In case the facts are disputed, the 

Hoard shall, after clue notice, try the case under such regulations 
as they may prescribe, and their finding shall lie final and con- 
clusive on all parties except in case of expulsion, when such 
finding shall be forwarded to each club, which shall transmit 
to the secretary written ballots "For Expulsion" or "Against 
Expulsion;" and if all club- vote "For Expulsion" the 
tary shall notify all clubs of the forfeiture of membership of the 
party char, 

M ES ami ASSESSMENTS. 

Sic. 10. — (1) Each club shall pay to the secretary on or 
before the 1st day of May of each year the sum of one hundred 
dollars as annual dues ; and such other sums as from time to 
time may be assessed for the payment of salaries of officers and 
umpires and for such other expenses as may lie incurred by or- 
der of this League or the Hoard of Directors. Also all fines 
and penalties imposed by said League or its Hoard of Directors 



in OTION. 



upon a club or upon any club officer, player, manager, scorer, 
or other employe whet d and imposed by virtue of and 

in accordance with the provisions of this constitution and the 
playing rules of this League. 

THE IMPOSING OF FINES. 

(2) Upon conviction of any of the offenses prescribed in 
Sec, 8, as causes for expulsion, the Board of Directors may, in 
: it instance, as a preliminary to, or in lien of expulsion, 
impose such a fine as is in their judgment commensurate 
with the injury; which tine may include a penalty payable to 
any other club or clubs, as an equivalent for damages sustained 
for such violation of this constitution, or of the legislation or 
contracts made in pursuance then ol 

OFFII 1 R . 

SEC, It. — At its annual meeting the league shall elei 
dent, secretary, treasurer, oi Directors. The 

president shall be ex officio chairman of the Board of Directors. 
lie shall preside at all the meetings ol th< I eague, and at the 
annual meeting- of the League shall appoint three representa- 
tives of the League to act as a 1 committee. 

Should the office of presideni become vac, mi by death, 
resignation or removal, the Hoard ol Directors shall within 
thirty days elect a president. 

Sec. 12. — The Hoard of Directors shall consist of the 

president and six other met en at the annual 

meeting by ballot, three of whom shall represent the Eastern 
idubs and three the Western chi 

QUALIFICATIONS "| 

. 13. — No person shall be qualified to act as din 

who is not an actual member of the club he represents, nor 

shall any club, under any circumstances, be represent 
more than one person on tin- Hoard. 

:i - o;. 1 in-. 11. , Aim 01 DIRECT ORS. 

St',''. t|. — The Hoard shall have tin- general supervision 
and management of all affairs and business of the League, and 
shall be individually answerable to the League for the faithful 
discharge of their trust. 

SEC. is. — The Hoard shall meet annually on the morning 

of the lirst Wednesday after the second Tuesday in November, 

at n o'clock, at the place where the annual meeting of the 
e is to be held, but may hold special meetings whenever 
urgent necessity may require. 



; iii riON. 



SEC. [6. — The Board shall prepare a detailed report of all 
their doings, and present the same in writing to the 1 .• 
at its annual meeting, which report shall, if accepted, be 
tiled with the secretary, together with all official papers, 

documents and property which may havi c e into their pos- 

session by virtue of their office. 

\ II INCY in i HE In IAKH. 

SEC, 17. — In case of vacancy in the Hoard by reason of the 
death, resignation, absence or disqualification of any director, 
the chili of which he was a member at the time he was chosen 
shall designate his successor, and at once notify the secretary. 
But if such vacancy is caused by the withdrawal, disbanding or 

talification of a club represented on the Board, the B 
may till the vacancy by election in the same manner as pro\ i 
for the election of directors in Sec. [2. 

THE 

Sec. is. — The secretary shall be the treasurer of the League 

and as such shall be the custodian of all funds of the League . 

receive all dues, fees and assessments, make such payments as 

-hall be ordered by the Board, <>r by the vote of the 1 eague, 

and lender annually a report of his accounts, and shall give 

such bond, with appt the Board may require. 

SEC. 19. — The secretary -hall have the custody ami care of 

official records am ol the League; shall keep a true 

I of all meetings of tl Board; shall issue 

all official notices, and atte necessary correspond 

he shall prepare and furnish such reports as may be called for 

by the Hoard, and shall be entitled to such books, stationery, 

and materials as the actual duties of his office may re- 

Sic. 20. — The secretary shall k t e,> a record of all infrac- 
■ of the rules and 1 IS Ol the League that may come 

under his notice, ami shall make a report on the same to the 
Bi «1 d at its next meeting. 

SEC. 21. — The ecn try shall receive such salary as the 

Board, by vote, shall determine, ami shall he reimbursed for 

all traveling expenses actually incurred by him in the service 

League; and the Board may exact from him such guar- 

■ lor the faithful performai 1 his duties as they > 

deem lor the interest and safety of the League. At the cxpira- 
of his term of office he shall account for and deliver up to 
the Hoard all the property and papers which may have 
into his hands by virtue of his ol 



CONSTITUTION. 



LAWS GOVERNING EMPLOYES. 

INDIVIDUAL i |.[|; ( ONTROL. 

Sec, 22. — Each club belonging to this League shall have 

the right to regulate its own affairs, to establish its own rules, 
and to discipline, punish, suspend or expel its own manager, 
players or other employes, and these powers shall not be lim- 
ited to cases of dishonest play or open insubordination, but 
shall include all questions of carelessness, indifference, or 
other conduct of the player that may be regarded by the club as 
prejudicial to its interests; not in conflict with any provision 
of this Constitution, or the Playing Rules of this League. 

CLUB TERRITORIAL RIGHTS. 

SEC. 23. — Every club of this League shall have exclusive 
control of the city in which it is located and of the territory sur- 
rounding such city, to the extent of five miles in every direc- 
tion from its corporate limits, and no visiting League club 
shall, under any circumstances, except with the consent of the 
local League club, until all League championship games on 
that ground shall have been finished, be allowed to play any 
club in such territory other than the League club therein loca- 
ted, nor shall a visiting League club play any game in April 
with any non- League club within said five miles from the cor- 
porate limits of the city in which the I eague club is located, 
without the consent of the local League club. 

MODE OF CON 1 fl 

SEC. 24. — Contracts between a club and its players may be 
either by telegram or writing, to be followed within thirty days 
thereafter by a contract in the form approved by this League 
promulgated by the secretary, to all the clubs. 

ON RESERVATION OF PLAYERS. 

Sec. 25. — Each club a tnembei "l this League shall be en- 
titled to the right of reservation. On or before the 10th dayoi 
iber in each year each club shall transmit to the secretary a 
reserve list of players whose services it desires to retain, not 
■ling fourteen in number then under contract to said club 
for the current or for any succeeding season or seasons, and in 
addition thereto the names of such players reserved in any prior 
annual list who have refused to contract with said club. Such 
players, together with all others thereafter to lie regularly con- 
tracted with, shall be ineligible to contract with any other club 



i m:i [ON. 



9 



of this League except as hereinafter provided. No club shall 
haw the right to reserve any player when in arrears of salary to 
him. The secretary shall duly promulgate such lists. 

MAKING CONTRACTS. 

SEC. 26. — All contracts between clubs of this League and 
individual players shall be made through the secretary, or his 
duly authorized agent. This League shall adopt such form of 
contract as it may deem best for the protection of the rights of 
the parties thereto. All contracts must be approved by the 
secretary, and duly promulgated by him. Provided, clubs be- 
longing to this League may contract with players for any period 
of time that may be mutually agreed upon. Provided, that no 
club shall at any time enter into negotiation or contract with 
any player under contract, agreement or reservation with or by 
any other club, without the latter's consent. 

EXPULSION "1 PLAYERS. 

SEC. 27. — Any player, while under contract with or reser- 
vation by a League club, who shall, without the consent of 
suon club, enter the service of any other club in any capacity, 
shall be liable to expulsion by said League club. Whenever a 
< lull releases ■< manager or player without notice, or gives him 
leu days' notice of release in accordance with the terms of his 
ract, and whenever it suspends or expels a manager or 
player, that club shall at once notify the secretary of this 
League, stating, incase of release, the date when the same 
takes effect, and in case of suspension or expulsion, the cause- 
thereof. 

NEGOTIATING TOR SERVICES. 

SEC. 28. — No player, without the consent of the club with 
which he is under contractor reservation, shall enter into nego- 
tiations with any other club for future services, but if such con- 
sent be obtained, a player may negotiate for his release, and 
offer 1 money consideration therefor, which may be accepted 
by the said releasing club. 

Kti 1.' 1 OF CLUB DISBANDMEKT. 

SEC. 29. — The disbandment of a League club or its with- 
ll from or loss of League membership shall operate as a 
release of its players from contract and reservation with said 
club, but the right to contract with and reserve said players 
shall be subject to transfer to such other club as the L< 
may designate after acceptance of their said services. 



10 



( ONST1TUTION. 



ON SI SPI 01 PLAYERS. 

Sec. 30. — No manager or player who has been suspended 
or expelled from a League club shall al any time thereafter be 

allowed to play with or serve in any capacity any League clu > 
r the one expelling him or any other) unless the term ol 
nsion by the club lias expired, or, upon his appeal to this 

League, such expulsion 01 ion shall have been set asidi 

PLAYING WITH 'ii 1 SIDE CLUBS. 

SEC. 3t. — No game of base ball shall be played between a 
fue club and any other club that has been expelled from 
membership in this League. No game of ball shall be p 

en a League club and any other club employing or pre- 
senting in its nine a player expelled or under suspension from 

therwise rendered ineligible by this Lei 
club member thereof. A violation oi this section shall forfeit 
ime in favor of the non-off> ind subject it to 

such fine as the Hoard ot Directors may imp 

"CR0OKEDN1 iS" AND i I S PEN ILTIES. 

Sec 32. — Any person who shall be proven guilty of offer- 
to cause any ga 
ball to result otherwise than on its merits under the playing 
or who, while acting as umpire, shall violate anj 
I, 01 of the playing rules adi 
hereunder, may be fot by the prtsidt* 

• nr in any 
of ball participated in club. 

THE UMPIRE AM) HIS DUTIES. 

I HE si \l t 01 I MP! RES. 

SEC. 3> — A staff of League umpires shall be selected by 

(ii They shall be paid such 1 1 tnd allowed such ex- 
as may be mutually agreed upo ■ bi 

them an. I 1 try of the LcagUi ubject to the approval 

of the Hoard ol Directors of the I. .'ague. 

12) They shall be under the sole control .in I direction o( 
try, from whom they will | assignments to 

duty and all instructions regarding the interpretation ol the 
playing rules, and the secretary 'hall prescribe a proper uniform 
for them, all parts of which shall be worn while officiating as 
umpti 



I I I UTION. 



II 



THEIR Dl 

(3) In the event of the failure of an umpire to umpire a 

to him, it shall be the duty of the secretary to 

provide a substitute to umpire such game, and in such case 

shall be deducted from the next monthly payment to the 

League umpire the sum of twelve dollars lor each game assigned 

to him, which for any reason he shall have tailed to umpire. 

(4) It shall be the duly of each League club to accept as 
umpire for any championship game such League umpire or sub- 
stitute as the secretary shall assign to such game, and only in 
the event of the failure of the League umpire or substitute so as- 
signed to appear at the ho for the beginning of 

game, shall the duty devolve upon the home club to desig- 
nate an umpire for such game. 

THEIR REMOVAL. 

(5) Anj League umpire shall b al by the 

secretary at any time, and in the event of the resignation, re- 
moval or expulsion of any League umpire the secretary shall 
have power to appoint a suitable person to lill the vacancy thus 

created, 

■ '.1 1. 1 OR t:\rri. 1 

Sic. 34. — Any League umpire who shall in the judgment 
of the president of the League be guilty of ungcntlemanh 

il -tiling Or 1 game of which he is um- 

shall thereupon be removed from hi- official capacity and 
d under the same disabilities inflicted upon expelled play- 
the constitution of this League. 



SETTLEMEN1 1 D] 5PUTES. 

1 111: GOVERN! . M.. 

SEC, 3;. — The Hoard of Directors shall be the sole trib 
:rmin< disputes between club . the facts to be submit 
and the dispute adjudicated under such regulations as the Hoard 

shall prescribe in each rase. 'file hndingol [lie Hoard -led! be 
final, and under no circumstances shall be n d, re- 

d or inquired into, either by the League or any 
[ioard. 

1 lit GOVERNINi ' 

Sic. 36, — The Hoard shall at once consider any complaint 
preferred by a club against a manager or player of another club 
(prior to the expiration of the championship season) for con- 
duct in violation of any provision of this constitution, or pre- 



12 



CONSTITUTION. 



judicial to the good repute of the game of base ball, ami shall 
have power to require the club tu which such player or man- 
ager may belong to discipline him, and upon repetition of such 
offense to expel him. Provided, that such complaint be pre- 
ferred in writing, giving such particulars as may enable the 
Board to ascertain all the facts, and be transmitted to the sec- 
retary by whom it shall at once be referred to the Board. 

ADJUDICATING COMPLAINTS I:V PLAYERS, 

SEC, 37. — In case a player under contract with a League 
club, shall during a current season prefer a complaint in writ- 
ing to the secretary of the League against such club, alleging 
that such club is in arrears to him for salary for more than fif- 
teen days after such salary became due on account of such con- 
tract, the secretary shall at once transmit to the said club a copy 
of such complaint, and require an answer thereto. On receipt of 
such answer, or if one week shall have elapsed without the re- 
ceipt of an answer, the secretary shall refer the paper in the 
case to the Hoard of Directors through its chairman, and should 
the Hoard find the player's complaint sustained, they shall re- 
quire the club, under penalty of forfeiture of its membership. 
to pay to the player forthwith the full amount ascertained to be 
due him. 1'rovided, that should the player refuse to serve the 
club pending action by the Hoard on his complaint he will 
thereby forfeit the benefits of the award, and in such case the 
Board shall revoke his award. 

THE I "i 1: 1 OF AIT'f.Ai . 

SEC. 3S. — The Hoard shall also be the sole tribunal for the 
hearing of an appeal made by any person who shall have been 
expelled, suspended or disciplined by his club. The matter 
shall be proceeded with in the following manner: Such person 
shall, within thirty days after the date of the expulsion, sus- 
pension or disciplne, file with the secretary a written statement 
of his defense, accompanied by a request that an appeal be 
allowed him. The secretary shall notify the club of the re- 
quest for an appeal, accompanying such notice with a copy of 
the appeal, and at the next annual meeting, the club, by its duly 
authorized representative, and the appellant in person, by attor- 
ney, or by written statement, shall appear before the Hoard with 
their testimony. The Hoard shall impartially hear the matter 
and render their decision, which shall be final and forever 
binding on both club and player. 

Sec. 39. — No director shall sit in the trial of a cause in 
which his club is interested. 



CONSTITUTION. 



13 



SEC. 40. — Any expense of trials or arbitrations shall be borne 
equally by the parties to the controversy. 

ADOPTING PLAYING B 

. 41. — This League shall adopt such playing rules as it 
deems best for the conduct of its business. 



THE CHAMPIONSHIP RULES. 

THE COMPETING I II BS. 

Sec. 42. — The championship of the United States established 
by this League shall be contended for yearly by the clubs- 
composing the League. 

I" R \ I [ON OF 'I HI SEASON. 

SEC 43. — The championship season shall extend from such 
dale in April or May to such date in September or October as the 
League may determine at its stated or special meeting. 

CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 

SEC 44. — Every game played between two clubs from the 
commencement of the championship season to the completion .1 
the championship series between such clubs shall be a game for 
the championship, and no League club shall lend or exchange 
players to or with each other for any game played during the 
championship season. 

NUMBER OF GAMES. 

SEC. 45.— Each club shall play twelve or more championship 

with every other club, but a tie or draw game or a game 

prevented by rain shall be played off on the same grounds on a 

ding day within the dates of the same schedule seri-s be- 

■ uch clubs. 

SPECIAL CHAMPIONSHIP Id LES. 

SEC, 46.— Each club shall have half of the championship series 
ol games with every other club played on its grounds, except as 
otherwise provided in Sec. 45, and in all the details of such games 
that do not involve the rights of the visiting club under the playing 
rules, but relate solely to such games as attractive exhibitions to 
the patrons of the home club, the visiting club shall defer to the 
wUhes of the home club, and the visiting club shall furnish to a 
person designated by the home club the batting order of its nine 
by 10 o'clock on the morning of the day of each game, or the 
evening previous if requested. In case of the failure of any 
visiting club to furnish the batting order of its nine as herein 



14: CONSTITUTION. 

stipulated, it shall forfeit the sum of $10, which amount shall be 
immediately transmitted tothe secretary ol the League, upon the 
il of notice from him of the infliction of such tine, which 
notice shall be given by the secretarj upon receipt of complaint 
from the home club. 

It shall be the duty of the home club to furnish the man 
and captain of the visiting ciub with a list of the batting order 
before the commencement of the game under similar penalties for 
default as herein prescribed. The visiting club shall have the 
right to practice its nine on the grounds of the home club between 
it and 12 o'clock A. M. on each day of its visit during the cham- 
pionship s.ason. 

THE CHAMPIONSHIP SCHED1 I i 

Si,' . 47. — All championship games shall be arranged in a writ- 
ten schedule prepared by the schedule committee, and reported 
to and adopted by the League by a three-fourths vote before the 
ining of the i i nship season, 11 -shall pro- 

vide for an equal number of return g specify the date 

it game, and the date of each series of games. No date in 
chedule shall subsequently be changed, except (t) by written 
nent of two clubs from a date fixed by the schedule for a 
game , ucb clubs 10 another day prior t'> the first and sub- 

nt tothe last date "I the same scl n 1 ween such 

j) as provided in Sec 4;; or | i f the written consent 
of three-fourths of all the League club; 

THE ADMISSION 1 II . 

EC. 48. — The [mission fee to all championship games 

shall be fifty cents (50), but each club shall designate a p 
its grounds and : its thereon the admission fee to which 

shall be twenty-tive (25) cents, and all division of percentages 
shall be made on the basis of fifty (50) cents, except as to that 
part of the grounds th< on fee to which is fixed at twenty- 

nd as to sui grounds all division of 

i the basis of twenty-live emits. 

REC0R1 LECEIP1 - 

Ski . 49.— At the conclusion of each championship game the 

had deliver tothe manager of the visiting club (and 

shall mail to the president of the visiting club a dupli- 

of the same) a statemei its of said game which 

must include all fifty cent and all twenty live cent admissions 

Prior 1" any division of the receipts ten per centum thereof shall 

be deducted to be deposited in the general fund, and the balance 

then be divided on the basis of fifty per centum, and after all 



I 1 rUTION. 



15 



debts incurred by this League and all current expenses are paid 
and a treasury fund of $25,003 has accumulated, the balance shall 
he equally divided monthly among all the clubs. 



Sec. 



THE I URNS! II. t. COUN I ■ 
50 — The number of persons admitted to the grounas shall 



be determined by the use of "the necessary number of self-register- 
ing turnstiles, the arms of which shall extend within four inches 
of" a dividing partition, the keys of which shall be delivered 
11 agent of the visiting club before the opening of the 
ground- for each game; and said agent of the visiting club 
shall have full access to such turnstile, and the box of such turn- 
stile shall not be removed until alter the close of the seventh 
innings and in case a carriage gate is used a ticket for each p 

agent of the visiting club. No person shall be admitted fo 
the grounds during or prior to such game of the hourappoit 

for, excepting onlj ol contesting clubs policemen in 

uniform, the umpires and the necessary employes of the home 
The visiting club shall have the right to accept the turn- 
stile count for each and all games, or to count all tickets. Each 
club shall be required to use for its business a substantial 1 
board ticket, which can be readily counted. 

DIAGRAM 01 GROUNDS, 

Sec. 51. --It shall be club previous to the 

pionship season to furnish to the Secretary ol 
the League for earl, other club of this Lea 

of its grounds, showing the location of its fifty (50) cent seats and 
its twenty-five (s its, and the location of entrant 

i be allowed to have more than four cn- 
. but for all such days 
the visiting club shall be given 1 en days' notice of the 

whole number and location of additional entrances; provi 

gates may b ol the v isit 

ing clu 1 m requires. 

TO PING PLAY 'in I 1 INs. 

Sec. 52.— On any day when a club is required 
in order to reach another city where it U scheduled to play its 
next game, the lome propei notice 

i.i 1 in: vis. fin- 1 lui. to begin the game three hours and a half before 
the tin lepartureof the lasl train by means of which 1 

club can reach the nc. ! point in time. And either club 

may leave the field at any time within one hour of said train time 
without forfeiting any rights or privileges, provided five in 
have been played, and the umpire shall I of the time. 



1G 



CONSTITUTION. 



GIVING OUT RAIN i Hi, i;<. 

SEC. 53. — In the event of a game being stopped by rain before 
completion of live innings, the bome club may issue rain checks, 
for any succeeding game. If rain checks are so issued the 
visiting club shall not be entitled to its percentage of receipts; 
but if rain checks are not issued, the visiting club snail be entitled 
to its percentage of receipts, precisely as if the game had been 

fully played. 

ON FORFEITED GAMES. 

SEC. 54 — A club shall be entitled to forfeited games — to count 
in its series as games won by a score of nine runs to none — in 
case where the umpire in any championship game shall award the 
to such club on account of the violation by the contesting 
club of any section of this Constitution or of any playing rule; 
and in the event of said forfeiture being caused by the with- 
drawal of the players during the progress of the game, or by a 
failure to report with its team at the time fixed for the gi 
unless written notice has been received from the home club that 
the game cannot be played, then such fotfeiting club shall incur a 
penalty of one thousand dollars, which shall be payable to the 
Secretary of the League within ten days thereafter for the use and 
benefit of the non-offending club, but said line may be remitted 
or modified upon appeal to and a hearing by the Hoard of Directors. 

ON DRAWN GAMES. 

1 . 55. — Drawn, tie and postponed games shall not count in 
ties as games (but any game of not less than five innings 
shall be included in the averages), but must be played off, il 
sible, as provided in Sec. 45. If they cannot be played off, as 
therein provided, they may subsequently be played off, if sufficient 
time exists before the close of the season, 

WINNING THE PENNANT. 

SEC. 56. — The club which shall have won the greatest per- 
centage of games in the championship series, shall be declared 
the champion club of the United Stales for the season in which 
such games were played. In the event that two or more clubs 
shall have won the same percentage of games, then the Hoard 
shall at once arrange a special series of three games between any 
two of such clubs, such games to be played ill the month of I lc- 
and the games so played shall be included in the cham- 
pionship record, and counted in determining the award of the 
championship. In such ease only the provisions of this Consti- 
tution prohibiting the playing or recording as championship 
games, games played after the expiration of the championship 



CONSTITUTION. 



17 



season, shall have no effect. The emblem of the championship 
shall be a pennant (of the national col o osl not less than 
one hundred dollars (fioo). It shall be inscribed with the 
motto, "Champion Base Hall Club of the United States," with tin- 
name of the club and the year in which the title was won, and 
the champion club shall be entitled to fly the pennant until 
lose "l the ensuing year. 

Dl • I1H.NG THE CHAMPIONSHIP. 

Sec. 57. — The championship shall be decided in the following- 
manner: 

Within twenty four hours after every match game played for 
the championship, the home club shall id forward to the 

tary of the League a statera the full score of 

the game, according to the system specified in the playing rides, 
the date, the place where played, the names of the clubs and 
umpire; provided, that no tie or drawn game shall be considered 
a game for any purpose except the averages; and provided, 
further, that in any case where the secretary shall not receive the 
score of a championship game within live days after the playing 
of such game, the club whose duty it is to forward seel 
shall pay to thi League the sum of ten dollars as the penalty of 
such default. 

At the close of the season the secretary shall prepare a tabular 

ment of the games won and [osl by each club, according to 

the statement so sent him, which statement shad be the sole evi- 

in the matter, ami submit the same, with the statements so 

sent him. to the Board, who shall make the award in writing and 

report the same to the League at its annual meeting. 

In making the award die Board shall consider: 

(1) 'I he tabular statement of the secretary. 

(?) Forfeited games. 

1 rticipated in by clubs which have withdrawn, dis- 
banded or forfeited their membership with. an completing their 

championship series with all other I e tgue clubs, such games shall 

to th: following extent: The board shall ascertain the 

least number of chimpionship games played by such club with 

any club remaining in the League, and shall, from the first game 
participated in during the championship seiics by such retired 
club, count in the series of each League club a similar number of 
, and all other games participated in by such retired club 
shall not be counted in the championship series. Provided, 
that if such retired club shall have failed to play at least one 
championship game with every League club, all games partici- 
pated in by it shall be thrown out entirely. 



18 



CONST) rUTION. 



ANNUAL MEETING. 

SEC. 58. — The annual meeting of the League shall be held on 
the first Wednesday after the second Tuesday in November of 

each year, at 12 o'clock noon, and at such places as shall have 
been determined by a vote at the previous annual meeting. 

1 ■ 1 . 1. B REPRESEN1 A I ION. 

Sec. 59. — At such meeting each club shall be represented and 
shall be entitled to two representatives, and to have in addition 
thereto any of its officers or ex-officers present at such meeting; 
but no club shall be permitted to send as a representative any 
person under contract or engagement as a ball player or manager, 
and belonging to the nine of said club in such capacity. They 
shall present a certificate from the president or Si 
their club, showing their authority lu act, but no club 
have more than one vote. 

THE LEAGUE SEsSI" 

Sec. 6o.— This League may, upon a majority vote, of its mem- 
bers, elect to go into executive session for the transaction of its 
business, and dur ng such sessions no club shall be entitled 
to more than two (2) representatives. 

• SPECIAL MEETINGS. 

. (.1. — Special meetings maybe called by the president of 
this League on his own option or on the written call of six clubs. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

. 62. — A representation of a majority of clubs shall consti- 
tute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a less number 
may adjourn fcom time to time until a quorum is obtain 

Sec. 63. — The following shall be the order of business, unless 
suspended by a three-fourths vote of the club meml 

1. Reading Minutes 1 ting. 

2. Report of Hoard of Directors. 

3. Report of Commil 

4. Election of new members. 

5. Amendment of Constitution. 

6. Amendment of Playing Rules. 

7. Election of Officers. 

8. Miscellaneous business. 

9. Adjournment. 



CONSTITUTION. 



19 



AMENDMENTS. 

Sec. 64.— (i) The Constitution of this League may be altered 
or amended by a three-fourths vote of the League at any annual 
meeting, or by a unanimous vote at any other time. Provided, 
however, that this section and Sections 3, 8, 48 and 49 shall not 
be altered or amended except by a unanimous vote of this League. 

(2) Any section of this Constitution may be suspended or its 
provision made nonapplicable by unanimous vote at a League 
meeting. 






20 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL 
BASE BALL ASSOCIATIONS. 

This Agreement between t lie National League and American 
Association of Professional Hast- Ball Clubs, hereinafter desig- 
nated as the party of the first part, such eligible professional base 
ball associations as shall, with the assent of the National Hoard 
ot Professional liase Ball Associations, be admitted to Class A 
and become signatory parties hereto— hereinafter designated as 
the parties of the second part, and such other eligible professional 
ball associations as shall, with the assent of said National 
board, be admitted to Class band become signatory parties hereto 
— hereinafter designated as the parties of tin: thiol part. Wit- 
nesseth, That 

1. This instrument shall be called the National Agreement of 
Professional Base Ball Associations. 

2. The general enforcement of this Agreement, the protection 
of rights thereunder, the determination of all controversies as 
hereinafter provided, ami generally the regulation of all things 
within the scope of this Agreement, are each and several!} 
ferred upon and committed t.. a Board to tx known as "The 
National Hoard of Professional liase Ball Associations." This 
Board shall consists of th ee delegates, representing the party of 
the first part, and one delegate representing each of the parti 

the second part, elected each year by their respective constituent 
associations. The officers of the Board shall coi chair- 

man, secretary and treasurer, which Offices may be filled by ei.her 
one, two or three persons. All officers, assistants, agents or em- 
ployes shall be selected, and all other questions, except as 
inafter prescribed, shall be decided by the entire Board, a majority 
of the delegates of the parties of the first part concurring in such 
tion and decision. A quorum for the transaction of business 

i>e constituted by the presence of a majority of the delegates 

of the party of the first part. 

3. The board may adopt rules and regulations prescribing the 
duties of each and all of its officers', its method of procedure and 
the general transaction of its busil 

.1. It shall be the duty of the Hoard, and it shall have full and 
final jurisdiction: 

(a) To hear and determine all disputes and complaints between 
associations and clubs; between one club ami another, members 
of different associations; between clubs and players or managers, 
and, in addition thereto, all disputes and complaints arising under 
and of all matters involving the interpretation of the National 



NATIONAL AGREEMEN 1 . 



21 



Agreement or the disposition of the rights thereunder. Clubs 
belonging to the same association, by mutual consent, or upon 
the request of the association to which they belong, may refer any 
controversy between such clubs or in which such clubs are 

interested, to the Hoard for decision or adjustment. 

i ) In the performance of its duties the Board shall have power 
to impose lines or penalties upon associations, clubs, club officers, 
players, managers, scorers and umpires, and to suspend any such 
organization or person from the protection and privileges of the 
National Agreement in any instances in which, in its opinion, it 
or he shall have been guilty of conduct detrimental to the general 
welfare of the game, or in violation of the letter or spirit of the 
National Agreement. 

Its decisions shall be final over any and all matters within 
its jurisdiction. 

(</; It may reinstate any person or body suspended. 

(/) It shall have power to make such reasonable assessments 
upon clubs or associations as may be necessary to defray the ex- 
penses incidental to the performance of its duties and the enforce- 
ment of this Agreement. 

(/) It may make all orders, rules and regulations, which it may 
deem necessary for the performance of its duties and the exercise 
of its powers, ami to accomplish (lie purpose in view in its estab- 
lishment, and ..mend and supplement the same from time to time; 
provided, prior notice of any pi I i mentS or supple- 

ments be given to all members of the Hoard before action be taken 
thereon. 

I It may cause the proceedings or rulings, or any part thereof, 
in any case which maybe deemed of sufficient importance to 
as a precedent, to be published in such a manner as may be 
ibed. 

Whenever an) body or person shall desire to submit any 
matter for the consideration of the Hoard it shall be preseir 
the chairman by a concise statement thereof, and accompanied In- 
such evidence as may be in support of such statement, ' 
shall be given to any other body or person interested in the matter, 
ike answer and to present appropriate evidence in support 
thereof, 

5. (a) Associations parties of the second part shall be known 
and designated as members of Class A, ami associations paitii 
the third part shall be known and designated as members ol I 
II, and an association of either class whose membership shall at 
any time be reduced to less than four clubs actually engaged in a 
schedule of championship games during and to the close of the 
season shall cease to be panic- to, and forfeit all rights, privileges 
and protection under the National Agreement. 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



(/>) Whenian association applies for protection antl classification 
under the National Agreement, it shall include and state in its 
application to the secretary of the Hoard: The class, A or B, into 
which it seeks admission; the list of its ciub members with the re- 
spective location of their business offices and playing grounds; 
the monthly salary limit for its club teams and maximum monthly 
salary Iiiw't of their players; a copy of the constitution and by- 
laws of the association ; a pledge or agreement for the maintenance 
of said salary limit and the faithful performance of its obligations 
under the National Agreement, its own constitution and by-laws, 
and its other contractual obligations; which classification, club 
membership, location of club offices and playing grounds, salary 
limit, constitution, by-laws and pledge or agreement shall not, 
.d'ter approval by the Hoard, be changed, modified, altered or 
released without the assent of the Hoard. 

(<-) Class A shall constitute associations whose clubs shall have 
the privilege of contracting with their players for one, two or three 
seasons or years, and of reservation, in accordance with Art. 9, 
of players under contract of only one season or year; subject to 
the right of "selection" of their players by a club member of the 
party of the first part, in accordance with Art. S, at the rate of 
$1000 for the release of each player so "selected." When such 
association shall consist of but four clubs, it shall pay to the sec- 
retary of tin- Board $250 for each of said clubs; when of six clubs, 
$200 for each of said clubs; when of eight or more clubs, $150 
for each of said clubs. Such payments to be made before the 
beginning of the championship season. 

5 1! shall constitute associations whose clubs shall have 
the privilege of contracting with their players for but one si 
with or without reservation (in accordance with Art. 9) as they 
may elect by notice to the secretary of the Hoard prior to the 
beginning of their championship season. Such association shall 
be subject to the right of "selection" by a club member of either 
of the parties of the first and sei ond part in accordance with Art. 
6, at the rate of S500 I ol each player so "selected" 

— if entitled to reservation p 

When such association shall elect reservation privileges, it shall 
pay to the secretary of the Board for each of its clubs one- half the 
sums payable, as above prescribed, for associations in Class A, 
and, when not entitled to reservation privileges, the sum of 
twenty-five dollars per club prior to the beginning of the plajing 
season. 

6. (a) For the purpose of enabling players to advance in their 
profession a club member of the party of the first part msy, at 
any time after October I, in any year and before February 1 ol the 
succeeding year, with the consent of the Hoard, negotiate with any 



NAT] X A I . AG R E E MEN T. 



23 



player then under contract with or reservation by a club member 
of such association, and "select" such player upon payment of 
the sum specified in Art. 5. And a club member of an association 
in Class A may negotiate with and make similar "selection" of a 
player then under contract and reservation by a club member of 
an assoc'ation in Class 1!. Provided, that no such "selection" 
shall be enforced, and no transfer of a player shall be made unless 
he shall receive an increase of salary. 

(/') Any club entitled to make a "selection" of a player and 
desiring to do so, shall notify the secretary of the Board, stating 
the name of the player and the club with which he is under con- 
tract of reservation, and inclosing the amount specified in Art. 5, 
to be paid for such release. The secretary shall thereupon notify 
the club or association from which such "selection" is to be made, 
and shall order his transfer to the "selecting" club. Notice of 
such transfer shall thereupon be promulgated. 

7. Contracts between clubs and players shall be in writing in 
the form prescribed by the Hoard. An informal contract, whether 
evidenced by telegrams or other writing, shall be v-did for a period 
tiot exceeding thirty days, until a contract in the prescribed form 
shall be tendere.1 by the contracting club to the contracting player. 
The failure of the club to so tender such formal contract will 
e the player from all contractual obligations thereunder, and 
the refusal of the player to execute such formal contract when so 
.lend the validity of his informal contract until he 
shall execute said formal contract. 

"i. No club shall at any lime enter into negotiations or cont'act 
with any player under contract to or reservation by another club 
without the hitter's consent, under such lines and penalties as the 
nay inllict. 

9- On or before the tenth day of October in each year the 
nics of associations, parties hereto, entitled to privih 

n, shall transmit to the secretary of the Board a reserve 
list of players, not exceeding fourteen in number, then under con- 
tract with each of its several club members, lor the current 01 l"i 
any succeeding season or seasons, ami in addition thereto a 
such players reserved in any prior annual reserve list, who have 
refused to contract with such clubs, and of all ineligible pi 
Such playi ei with all others thereafter to be regularly 

ted with by such clubs, are ami shall In' ineligil 

with any oilier club of any association, except as herein pre- 
ecretary of said Board shall thereupon promulgate 
such iisls. provided that no club shall be permitted to reserve any 
player while in arrears of salary to him. 

10. The Board may also release from contract or reservation 
any player or manager, when the club with which he has con- 



21 



NATIONAL AGREEMEN I . 



tractcd, or by which ne has Deen reserved, shall be in arrears to 
him fur salary for more than fifteen days after such salary became 
due; or when the reserving club has failed to tender to any player, 
on or before the 1st day of March, after such reservation, a formal 
contract, with a salary of at least such an amount per month as 
the Hoard may iixas the minimum salary to be paid tosuch player, 
or when any such reserving club has transferred its membership 
after the close of a championship season to a different association, 
if the Board shall deem that the player will be prejudiced by such 
transfer. 

11. When a player under contract or reservation by any club 
of an association party hereto shall be expelled, suspended or 
rendered ineligible, in accordance with the rules of such associa- 
tion, notice of such disqualification shall be given to the said 
board by the secretary of the association fiom whose club the 
player may have been thus disqualified, and the Hoard shall forth- 
with give notice of such disqualification to the several clubs acting 
under this Agreement. When a player shall become ineligible 
under the provisions of this Agreement, or by order of the I: 

the secretary of the Board shall notify the several clubs acting 
under this agreement of such disqualification. From the n 
of any such notice all club members of associations acting under 
this Agreement shall be debarred from employing or playing with 

or against such disqualified player until the period of disqualifica- 
tion shall have terminated or lire disqualification be revoked by 
the association from which such player was disqualified, or by the 
Board, and due notice of such revocation shall be given by the 
Board to the said several clubs. 

12. Any player, who has entered into a contract with any club 
of any association party hereto, may be suspended without pay or 
lined by such club or association foi of contract or breach 
of any of the rules of such club or association, and he shall there- 
after be ineligible to sign or play during the remainder of the 
current season with an) of the clubs oi any associations acting 
hereunder, unless such disability shall have been sooner rem 

by the club or association by which he was suspended, or by the 
Board, 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 25 



THE RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE NA- 
TIONAL BOARD OF PROFESSIONAL BASE 
BALL ASSOCIATIONS. 

MEMBERS OF THE BOARD. 

Chas. II. BYRNE, Chairman, Eastern Base Hall Park, Brook- 
lyn, X. V. 

N. E. Young, Secretary and Treasurer, Box 536, Washington, 
D. C. 

ZACK PHELPS, Louisville. Ky. 

L. C. Krauthoff, Kansas City, Mo. 

C. I». WHITE, Nos 492 and 494 Broome St., New York. 

The following rules and regulations have been adopted by the 
National Board of Professional Base Ball Associations and are 
here given in order that ihey may be understood by all those 
interested. The same being adopted and to remain in force until 
repealed, altered, added to, or amended. 

I HE CHAIRMAN. 

1. The duties of the Chairman shall be as follows: 

a. To issue calls for meetings of the Board and preside at such 
meetings, having all powers with reference thereto which are 
incident t<> a presiding officer, 

/'. To rule upon and decide all incidental and routine matters 
presented fur determination, with pov .ale this duty to 

the Secretary 01 any member of the Board. 

. To supervise the performance of the duties imposed upon 
the other members of the Board. 

d. To Me that each and all of the orders of this Board are com- 
pile! wit.;. , lm SECRETARy AND TREASURER. 

2. The offices of the Secretary and 1 reasurer may be tilled by 
tnd the same person, and the 1! lilies oi such officer shall be as 

follows: 

a. To receive, receipt for and disburse all moneys payable to 
this Board, and to make all financial statements required by the 
provisions of the National Agreement. 

li. To keep the records of the proceedings of the Board, to 
withal! the records required to be kept by the provisions.. 
the National Agreement. 

c. To issue all notices required by the National Agreement to 
be issued. 

</. To give interpretation to the playing rules when requested 
so to do, pursuant to the provisions of the National Agreement. 



26 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



e. To receive all applications for membership under the Na- 
tional Agreement, and to see t at the applicants pay their proper 
dues. 

f. To give notice of all lines and penalties imposed by the 
Hoard, and to see that the same are paid. 

g. To attend to such other matters as may be required of hi:r. 
by the Board and to keep records of all the business and duties 
connected with the Board. 

ELECTIONS. 

The Chairman and the Secretary and Treasurer shall be elected 
annually, at some meeting after the first of January, and shall 
hold until their successors are elected and qualify, 
OPINIONS AM) DECISIONS, 

Whenever any controversy or matter to be submitted to the 
Board for adjustment or decision shall lie forwarded, together 
with all evidence and documents therewith connected, to the 
Secretary and Treasurer, he shall, after submitting the same to the 
Board, promulgate or publish the opinion which must be prepared 
by the Chairman or such oilier member (if the Board as lie shall 
designate. SEL] , PLAYERS. 

Whenever any player shall be ' selected" by more than one club, 
the Board will award him to the i lub which shall have first filed 
formal notice with the Secretary thai it desires the services 'if said 
player. Such notice, however, must be accompanied by the 
deposit required by the provisions of the National Agreement, 

otherwise such notice will be of rffi i I and void. A player so 

awarded shall be ineligible to sign with any other club, ami upon 
declining to abide by the decisions of the Board, may be included 
in the regular list of reserved players of the club selecting him as 
per the provisions of Section 9 of the .National Agreement. 
ACCEP1 ED PLAYERS. 

Whenever the services of any player released under the pro- 
visions..! the National Agreement are accepted by any club or 
association, authorized so to do by the provisions of such agree- 
ment notice thereof shall be given to the Secretary, who 
shall accordingly promulgate the fact. 
PAYMENTS. 

All expenses of the Board, including compensation lo the Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, or any oilier officer or member of the Board 
pecial work performed, telegraphing, postage, and such oilier 
expenses as shall be allowed, must be paid by check of the Sec- 
retary and Treasurer and vouchers taken therefor, which vouchers 
shall be submitted at least once a year to the Board for examina- 
tion and approval. 



NATIONAL PLAYING RULE.S 



— OF- 



Professional Base Ball Clubs. 

AS ADOPTED BV THE NATIONAL BOARD OF PROFESSIONAL BASE 
BALL ASSOCIATIONS IN 180.I — THIS CO BLNING ALL CLUBS 

PARTIES TO THE NATIONAL AGRI I.MENT AS REVISED IN 189I. 



THE BALL GROUND. 

Rule I. The Ground must be an inclosed field, sufficient in 
size to enable each player to play in his position as required by 
these Rules. 

RULE 2, The Infield must be a space of ground thirty yards 
square. 

THE BASES. 

RULE 3. The liases must be 

Sec. I. Four in number, and designated as First Base, Second 
Base, Third liase and Home liase. 

2. The Home Base must be of whitened rubber twelve 
inches square, so fixed in the ground as to be even with the sur- 
face, and so placed in the corner of the infield that two of its sides 
will form part of the boundaries of said infield. 

Si < . 3. The First, Second and Third liases must be canvas 
bags, fifteen inches square, painted white, and filled with some 
soft material, and so placed that the center of the second base 
shall be upon its corner of the infield, and the center of the first 
and third bases shall be on the lines running to and from second 
base and seven and one-half inches from the foul lines, providing 
that each base shall be entirely within the foul lines. _ 

SEC. .(. All the bases must be securely fastened in their posi- 
tions, and so placed as to be distinctly seen by the Umpire. 
THE FOUL LINKS. 

RULE 4. The Foul Lines must be drawn in straight lines 
from the outer corner of the Home Base, along the outer edge of 
the First and Third Bases, to the boundaries of the Ground. 
THE POSITION LINES. 

Rule 5. The Pitcher's Lines must be straight lines forming 

27 



;:s 



PLAYING RULES. 



the boundaries of a space of ground, in the infield, five and one- 
half feet long by four feet wide, distant fifty feet from the center 
of the Home Base, and so placed that the five and one-half feet 
lines would each be two feet distant from and parallel with a 
straight line passing through the center of the Home and Second 
Bases. Each corner of this space must be marked by a flat round 
rubber plate six inches in diameter, fixed in the ground even with 
the surface. 

Kile 6. The Catcher's Lines must be drawn from the outer 
corner of the Home Base, in continuation of the Foul Lines, 
straight to the limits of the Ground back of Home Base. 

Rule 7. The Captain's or Coacher's Line must be a line 
fifteen feet from and parallel with the Foul Lines, said lines com- 
mencing at a line parallel with and seventy-five feet distant from 
the Catcher's Lines, and running thence to the limits of the 
grounds. 

Rule 8. The Player's Lines must be drawn from the Catcher's 
Lines to the limits of the Ground, fifty feet distant from and 
parallel with, the foul lines. 

Rule 9. The Batsman's Lines must be straight lines forming 
the boundaries of a space on the right, and of a similar space on 
the left of the Home Base, six feet long by four feet wide, extend- 
ing three feet in front of and three feet behind the center of the 
Home Base, and with its nearest line distant six inches from the 
Home Base. 

Rule 10. The Three Feet Lines must be drawn as follows: 
From a point on the Foul Line from Home Base to First liase, 
and equally distant from such bases, shall be drawn a line on Foul 
Ground, at a right angle to said Foul Line, and to a point three 
feet distant from it; thence running parallel with said Foul Line, 
(to a point three feet distant from the First liase; thence in a 
straight line to the Foul Line, and thence upon the Foul Line to 
point of beginning. 

Rule ii. The lines designated in Rules 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,9, and 
10 must be marked with chalk or other suitable material, so as to be 
distinctly seen by the Umpire. They must all be so marked their 
entire length, except the Captain's and Player's Lines, which must 
be so marked for a distance of at least thirty-live yards from the 
Catcher's Lines. 

THE BALL. 

Rule 12. The Ball:* 

Sec. 1. Must not weigh less than five or more than five and 
one-quarter ounces avoirdupois, and measure not less than nine 
nor more than nine and one quarter inches in circumference. 

♦The Spalding League Ball has been adopted by the National League 
for the past twelve years, anil ia used in all League contests. 



PLAYING RULES 



29 



The Spalding League Ball or the Reach American Association 
Ball must be used in all games played under these rules. 

Sec 2. For each championship game two balls shall be fur- 
nishej by the Home Club to the Umpire for use. When the 
ball in play is batted over the fence or stands, on to foul ground 
out of sight of the players, the other ball shall be immediately put 
into play by the Umpire. As often as one of the two in use shall 
be lost, a new one must be substituted, so that the Umpire shall 
at all times after the game begins, have two for use. The 
moment the Umpire delivers a new or alternate ball to the pitcher 
it comes into play, and shall not be exchanged until it, in turn, 
passes out of sight on to foul ground. At no time shall the ball 
be intentionally discolored by rubbing it with the soil or 
otherwise. 

SEC. 3. Tn all games the ball or balls played with shall be 
furnished by the Home Club, and the last ball in play becomes 
the property of the winning club. Each ball to be used in cham- 
pionship games shall be examined, measured and weighed by the 
Secretary of the Association, inclosed in a paper box and sealed 
with the seal of the Secretary, which seal shall not be broken ex- 
cept by the Umpire in the presence of the Captains of the two 
contesting nines after play has been called. 

SEC. 4. Should the ball become out of shape, or cut or ripped 
so as 10 expose the yarn, or in any way so injured as to be — in the 
opinion of the Umpire — unfit for fair use, the Umpire, on being 
appealed to by either Captain, shall at once put the alternate ball 
into play and call for a new one. 

I UK l:A I . 

Rule 13. The Bat. 

SEC. 1. Must be made wholly of wood, except that the handle 
may be wound with twine, or a granulated substance applied, not 
to exceed eighteen inches from the end. 

Sec. 2. It must be round, except that a portion of the surface 
may be flat on one side, but it must not exceed two and one-half 
inches in diameter in the thickest part, and must not exceed forty- 
two inches in length. 

THE PLAYERS AND THEIR 1'OSITIONS. 

RULE 14. The players of each club in a game shall be nine in 
number, one of whom shall act as Captain, and in no case shall 
less than nine men be allowed to play on each side. 

RULE 15. The player's positions shall be such as maybe 
assigned them by their Captain, except that the Pitcher must take 
his position within the Pitcher's Lines, as defined in Rule 5. 
When in position on the held, all players will be designated 
" Fielders" in these rr" "s. 



1 






PLAYING RULES. 



Rule 16. Players in uniform shall not be permitted to seat 
themselves among the spectators. 

RULE 17. Every Club shall be required to adopt uniforms for 
its players, and each player shall be required to present himself 
upon the field during said game in a neat and cleanly condition, 
but no player shall attach anything to the sole or heel of his shoes 
other than the ordinary base ball shoe plate. 

THE PITCHER'S Pi i ilTION. 

RULE iS. The pitcher shall take his position facing the bats- 
man with both feet square on the ground, one foot on the rear 
line of the "box." Me shad not raise either foot, unless in the 
act of delivering the ball, nor make more than one step in such 
delivery. He shall hold the ball, before the delivery, fairly in 
front of his body, and in sight of the Umpire. When the pitcher 
feigns to throw the ball to a base he must resume the above posi- 
tion and pause momentarily before delivering the ball to the bat. 
THE BATSMEN'S POSITION — ORDER OK BATTING. 

R'JLE 19. The batsmen must take their positions within the 
Batsmen's Lines, as defined in Rule 9, in the order in which they 
are named on Ilic score, which must contain the batting order of 
both nines, and be submitted by the Captains of the opposing 
teams to the Umpire before 1 1 ind when approved by 

him Tins SCORE must be followed except in the case of a substi- 
tute player, in which case the substitute must take the place of the 
original player in the batting order. After the first inning the 
first striker in each inning shall be the batsman whose name fol- 
lows that of the last man who has completed his turn — time at 
bat — in the preceding inning. 

RULE 20. SEC. i. When their side goes to the bat the players 
must immediately return to and seat themselves upon the players' 
bench and remain there until the side is put out, except when 
batsman or base runner. All bats not in use must be kept in the 
bat racks, and the two players next succeeding the batsman, in the 
order in which they arc named on the score, must be ready with 
bat in hand to promptly take position as batsman; provided, that 
the Captain and one assistant only may occupy the space between 
the players' lines and the Captain's lines to coach base runners. 

SEC. 2. No player of the side at fiat, except when Batsman, 
shall occupy any portion of the space within the Catcher's Lines, 
as defined in Rule 6. The triangular space behind the Home 
Base is reserved for the exclusive use of the Umpire, Catcher and 
Batsman, and the Umpire must prohibit any player of the side "at 
bat" from crossing the same at any time while the ball is in the 
hands of, or passing between, the Pitcher and Catcher, while 
standing in their positions. 



PLAYING HULLS. 



51 



Sec. 3. The players of the side " at bat" must occupy the por- 
tion of the field allotted them, but must speedily vacate any por- 
tion thereof that may be in the way of the ball, or of any Fielder 
attempting to catch or field it. 

players' BENCHES. 

Rule 21. The Players' Benches must be furnished by the 
home club, and placed upon a portion of the ground outside of, 
and not nearer than twenty-five feet to, the Players' Lines. They 
must be twelve feet in length, and must be immovably fastened to 
the ground. At the end of each bench must be immovably fixed 
a bat rack, with fixtures for holding twenty bats; one such rack 
must be designated for the exclusive useof the Visiting Club, and 
the other for the exclusive use of the Home Club. 
THE game. 

RULE 22. Sec. I. Every Championship Game must be com- 
menced not later than two hours before sunset. 

Sec. 2. A Game shall consist of nine innings to each con- 
testing nine, except that, 

(a) If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine innings than 
the other side has scored in eight innings, the game shall then 
terminate, 

(b) If the side last at bat in the ninth inning scores the win- 
ning run before the third man is out, the game shall terminate. 

A TIE GAMS, 

RULE 23. If the score be a tie at the end of nine innings to 
each side, play shall only be continued until the side first at bat 
shall have scored one or more runs than the other side, in an 
equal number of innings, or until the other side shall score one 
or more runs than the side first at bat. 

A DRAWN GAME. 

Rule 24. A Drawn Game shall be declared by the Umpire 
when he terminates a game on account of darkness or rain, after 
five equal innings have been played, if the score at the time is 
equal on the last even innings played; but if the side that went 
second to bat is then at the bat, and has scored the same number 
of runs as the other side, the Umpire shall declare the game 
drawn without regard to the score of the last equal innings. 
A CALLED GAME. 

Rule 25. If the Umpire calls "Game" on account of dark- 
nsss or rain at any time after five innings have been completed, 
the score shall be that of the last equal innings played, unless the 
side second at bat shall have scored one or more runs than the 
side first at bat, in which case the score of the game shall be the 
total number of runs made 






32 



PLAYING RULES. 



A FORFEITED GAME. 

RULE 26. A forfeited game shall be be declared by the Um- 
pire in favor Of the club not in fault, at the request of such club, 
in the following cases: 

SEC. I. If the nine of a club fail to appear upon a field, or 
being upon the field, fail to begin the game within five minutes 
after the Umpire has called "Play," at the hour appointed for the 
beginning of the game, unless such delay in appearing or in com- 
mencing the game be unavoidable. 

Sic 2. If, after the game has begun, one side refuses or fails 
to continue playing, unless such game has been suspended or ter- 
minated by the Umpire. 

Sim 3. If. after play has been suspended by the Umpire, one 
side fails to resume playing within one minute after the Umpire 
has called "Play." 

SEC. 4. It a team resorts to dilatory practices in order to gain 
time for the purpose of having the game called on account of 
darkness or rain, or for any oilier reason whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. If. in the opinion of the I my one of these 

rules is wilfully violated. 

6. [f, after ordering thi removal of a player, as authorized 
by Rule 57. Sec. 5. said order is nol obeyed within live minutes. 

Sec. 7. In ease the Umpire declares a game forfeited, he shall 
transmit a written notice thereol to the President of the Associa- 
tion within twenty-four hours thi 

No SAME. 

Rule 27. " Mo Game" shall be declared by the Umpire if he 
shall terminate play on account of rain or darkness, before five 
innings on each side are completed except in a case when the 
game is called, the club second at bat shall have :, it the 

end of its fourth inning than the club first at bat has made in its 
five innings, then the Umpire shall award the game to the club 
having made the greatest number of runs, and it shall be a game 
and be so counted in the Championship record. 
SUBSTITUTES. 

RULE 28. Sec. i. In every championship game each team 
shall be required to have present on the field, in uniform, one 
or more substitute players. 

SEC. 2. Any such player may be substituted at any time by 
either club, but no player thereby retired shall thereafter par- 
ticipate in the game. 

Sec. 3. The Base Runner shall not have a substitute run for 
him, except by consent of the Captains of the contesting teams. 
CHOICE OF INNINGS — CONDITION OF GROUND. 

RULE 2g. The choice of innings shall be given to the 
Captain of the Home Club, who shall also be the sole judge of 
the fitness of the ground for beginning a game after rain. 



PLAYING RULES. 



33 



THE DK1.1VKKV.OI-' THE BALI. — FAIR AND UNFAIR BALLS. 

RULE 30. A Fair Ball is a ball delivered by the Pitcher while 
Standing wholly within the lines of his position, and facing the 
Batsman, the ball so c'elivered, to pass over the Home Base, 
not lower than the Batsman's knee, nor higher than his shoulder, 
provided a ball so delivered that touches the bat of the Batsman 
in his position shall be considered a batted ball, and in play. 

RULE y. An Unfair Ball is a ball delivered by the Pitcher, 
as in Rule 30, except that the ball does not pass over the Home 
Base, or does pass over the Home Base, above the Batsman's 
shoulder or below the knee. 

BALKING 

Rl LE 32 A Balk is 

Sec. t. Any motion made by the Pitcher to deliver the ball to 
the bat without delivering it, and shall be held to include any and 
every accustomed motion with the hands, arms or feet, or posi- 
tion of the body assumed by the Pitcher in his delivery of the ball 
and any motion calculated to deceive a base runner, except the ball 
be accidentally dropped. 

Ski'. 2 The holding of the ball by the Pitcher so long as to 
delay the game unnecessarily; or 

. 3. Any motion lo deliver the ball, or the delivering the 
ball lo the bat by the Pitcher when any part of his person is 
upon ground outside of the lines of his position, including all 
preliminary motions with the hands, arms, and feet. 
DEAD BALLS. 

RULE 33 A Dead Ball is a ball delivered to the bat by the 
Pitcher that touches the Batsman's bat without being Struck at, or 
any part of the Batsman's person or clothing while standing in his 
position without being struck at; or any part of the Umpire's 
n or clothing, while on foul ground, without first passing 
the < atelier. 

RULE 34. In case of a Foul Strike, Foul Hit ball nor legally 
caught out, Head Ball, or Base Runner pul 0111 for being struck 
by a fair hi! hall, the ball shall not be considered in play until it 
is held by the Pitcher standing in his position, 
Bl 01 1-: 1: M l.s. 

Rule 35 Sec i. a Block is a batted or thrown ball that is 

Stopped or handled by any person nol engaged in the game. 

SEC. 2. Whenever a Block occurs the Umpire shall declare it, 
and Base Runners may run the bases, without being put out, 
until the ball has been returned to and held by the Pitcher stand- 
ing in his position. 

SEC. 3. In the case of a Block, if the person not engaged in 
the game should retain possession of the ball, or throw or kick it 
beyond the reach of the l'ielders the Umpire should call "Time." 
*nd require each Base Runner to stop at the last base touched by 



7 



■■Mi 



34 



PLAYING RULES. 



him until the ball be returned to the F'itcher standing in his 
position. 

THE SCORING OF RI'Nr 
RULE 36. One Run shall be scored every timea Base Runner, 
after having legally touched the first three bases, shall touch the 
Home Base before three men are put out by (exception ) If the 
third man is forced out, or is put out before reaching First Base, a 
run shall not be scored. 

THE HATTING RULES. 

Rule 37. A Fair Hit is a ball batted by the batsman, stand- 
ing in his position, that first touches the ground, the First Base, 
the Third Base, any part of the person of a player, Umpire or any 
object in front of or on the Foul Fines, or batted directly to the 
ground by the Batsman, standing in his position, that (whether it 
first touches Foul or Fair Ground) bounds or rolls within the Foul 
Lines, between Home and First, or Home and Third Bases, 
without interference by a player. 

Rule 38. A Foul Hit is a ball batted by the Batsman, stand- 
ing in his position, that first touches the ground, any part of the 
person of a player, or any object behind either of the Foul Lines, 
or that strikes the person of such Batsman, while standing in his 
position, or batted directly to the ground by the Batsman, stand- 
ing in his position, that (whether it first touches Foul or Fair 
Ground) bounds or rolls outside the l'oul Line-,, between Home 
and first or Home and Third liases without interference by a 
player. Provided, that a Foul Hit not rising above the Batsman's 
head and caught by the Catcher playing within ten feet of the 
Home Base, shall be termed a Foul 'lip. 

BALLS HATTED OUTSIDE 'Mil'. GROUNDS. 

Rule 39. When a batted ball passes outside the grounds, the 
Umpire shall decide it Fair should it disappear within, or Foul 
should it disappear outside of the range of the Foul Lines, and 
Rules 37 and 38 are to be construed accor ingly. 

Rule 40. A F'air batted ball that goes over the fence shall 
entitle the Batsman to a home run, except that should it go over 
the fence at a less distance than two hundred and thirty-live feet 
from the Home Base, when he shall be entitled to two bases, and 
a distinctive line shall be marked on the fence at this point. 
STRIKES. 

Rule 41. A Strike is 

1. A ball struck at by the Batsman without its touching 
his bat; or 

Sec. 2. A Fair Ball legally delivered by the Pitcher, but noi 
itruck at by the Batsman. 

Sec. 3. Any obvious attempt to make a Fcul Hit. 



1 



PLAYING RULES. 



35 



Rule 42. A Foul Strike is a ball batted by the Batsman when 
any part of his person is upon ground outside the lines of the 
Batsman's position. 

THE BATSMAN IS OUT. 

Rule 43. The Batsman is out: 

SEC. I. If he fails to take his position at the bat in his order of 
batting, unless the error be discovered and the proper Batsman 
takes his position before a fair hit has been made; and in such 
case the balls and strikes called must be counted in the time at bal 
of the proper Batsman. Provided, this rule shall not take effed 
unless tht out is declared before the ball is delivered to the sue 
ceeding Batsman 

SEC, 2 If he fails to take his position within one minute after 
the Umpire has called for the Batsman. 

Sec. 3. If he makes a Foul Hit, other than a Foul Tip as 
defined in Rule 38, and the ball be m mentarily held by a 
Fielder before touching the ground, provided it be not caught in 
a Fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object other than a Fielder, 
before being caught. 

SEC. 4. If he makes a Foul Strike. 

Sec. 5. If he attempts to hin ler the Catcher from Fielding 
or throwing the ball, by stepping outs'de the lines of his position, 
or otherwise obstructing or interfer ng with that pi 

SEC. 6. If, while the hirst Base beoccupied by a base runner, 
three strikes be called on him by the Umpire, except when two 
men are already out. 

Sec. 7. If, while making the third strike, the ball hits his 
person or clothing. 

S_ZC 8. If, alter two strikes have been called, the Batsman 
obviously attempts to make a foul hit, as in Section 3, Rule 41. 

BASE RUNNING RULES. 

WHEN '1 III: BATSMAN l:E' OMES A BASS RUNNER. 

Rule 44. The Batsman becomes a base runner : 
1 ION 1. Instantly after he makes a Fair Hit. 
EC. 2. Instantly after four balls have been called by the 
Umpire. 

SEC. 3. Instantly after three strikes have been declared by 
the Umpire. 

Sec, 4. If, while he be a Batsman, his person — excepting 
hands or forearm, which -makes it a dead ball — or clothing be 
hit by a ball from the Pitcher, unless — in the opinion of the 
Umpire — he intentionally permits himself to be so hit. 

Sec. 5. Instantly after an illegal delivery of a ball by the 
Pitcher. 

BASES TO BE TOUCHED. 

RULE 45. The liase Runner must touch each base in regular 
order, viz., hirst. Second, Third and Home Hases ; and when 



f 



36 



?LAY1NG RULES. 



obliged to return (except on a foul liit) must retouch the base or 
bases in reverse order. He shall only be considered as holding a 
base after touching it, and shall then be entitled to hold such 
base until he has legally touched the next base in order, or has 
been legally forced to vacate it for a succeeding Base Runner. 
ENTITLED TO BA l S, 

RULE 4G. The Base Runner shall be entitled, without being 
put out, to take the Base in the following cases: 

Sic. 1. If, while he was Batsman, the Umpire called four 
Balls. 

Sir. 2. If the Umpire awards a succeeding Batsman a base 
on four balls, or for being hit with a pitched ball, or in case of an 
illegal delivery— as in Rule 44, Sec. <■ — and the Base Runner is 
thereby forced to vacate the base held by him. 

SEC. 3. If the Umpire calls a "balk." 

Sec. 4. If a ball delivered by the Pitcher pass the Catcher 
and touch the Umpire or any fence or building within ninety feet 
of the Home Base. 

Sir. 5. If upon a fair hit the Ball strikes the person ot 
clothing of the Umpire on fair ground. 

Sec. 6. If he be prevented from making a base by the ob- 
struction of an adversary. 

Sir. 7. If the Fielder stop or catch a batted ball with his 
hat, or any part of his dress. 

RETURNING TO uasf.s. 

Ri 1 1 47. The Ihise Runner shall return to his Base, and shall 
be entitled to so return without being put out. 

, 1. If the Umpire declares a Foul Tip (as defined in 
Rule 3S) or any other Fool Hit tot legally caught by a Fielder. 
. 2. If the Umpire declares a Fotll Strike. 

Sec. 3. If the Umpire declares a Dead Ball, unless it be also 
the fourth Unfair Ball, and he be thereby forced to take the next 
base, as provided in Rule 40, Sec. 2. 

.4. If the person or clothing of the Umpire interferes 
with the Catcher, or he is struck by a ball thrown by the Catcher 
to intercept a Base Runner. 

WHEN BASE RUNNERS ARE OUT. 

RULE 48. The BaseRunner is out: 

. 1. If, after three strikes have been declared against him 
while Batsman, and the Catcher fail to catch the third strike ball, 
he plainly attempts to hinder the Catcher from fielding the ball. 
. 2. If, having made a Fair Hit while Batsman, such (air 
hit ball be momentarily held by a Fielder, before touching the 
ground or any object other than a Fielder: Provided, it be no) 
caught in a Fielder's hat or cap. 



. 



PLAYING RULES. 



37 



Sec. 3. If, when the Umpire has declared three strikes on 
him, while Batsman, the third strike ball be momentarily held by 
a Fielder before touching the ground: Provided, it be not caught 
in a Fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object other than a 
Fielder, before being caught. 

SEC, 4. If, after Three Strikes or a Fair Hit, he be touched 
with the ball in the hand of a Fielder before he shall have 
touched First Base. 

Sec. 5. If, after Three Strikes or a Fair Hit, the ball be se- 
curely held by a Fielder, while touching First liase with any part 
of his person, before such Base Runner touches First Base. 

Sec. 6 If, in running the last half of the distance from Home 
Base to First Base, while the ball is being Gelded to First Base, 
he runs outside the Three Feet Fines, as defined in Rule 10, un 
less to avoid a Fielder, attempting to Field a Batted Ball. 

Sec. 7. If, in running from First to Second Base, from Sec- 
ond to Third Base, or from Third to Home Base he runs more 
than three feet from a direct line between such bases to avoid 
being touched by the ball in the hands of a Fielder; but in case a 
Fielder be occupying the Base Runner's proper path, attempting 
to field a batted ball, then the Base Runner shall run out of the 
path, and behind said Fielder, and shall not be declared out for 
so doing. 

SEC, 8. If he fails to avoid a Fielder attempting to field a 
batted ball, in the manner described in Sections 6 and 7 of this 
Rule; or if he in any way obstructs a Fielder attempting to field 
a batted ball, or intentionally interferes with a thrown ball. Pro- 
vided, That if two or more Fielders attempt to field a batted ball, 
and the Base Runner conies in contact with one or more of them, 
the Umpire shall determine which Fielder is entitled to the ben- 
efit of this Rule, and shall not decide the Base Runner out for 
coming in contact with any other Fielder, 

SEC. •). If, at any time while the ball is in play, he be touched 
by the ball in the hands of a Fielder, unless some part of his per- 
son is touching a base he is entitled to occupy: Provided, The 
ball be held by the Fielder after touching him; but (exception as 
to First Base), in running to First Base, he may overrun said base 
without being put out for being off said base, after first touching 
it, provided he returns at once and retouches the base, after which 
he may be put out as at any other base. If, in overrunning First 
Base, he also attempts to run to Second Base, or, after passing the 
base he turns to his left from the foul line, he shall forfeit such 
exemption from being put out. 

Sec. 10. If, when a Fair or Foul Hit ball (other than a foul 
tiu as referred to in Rule >St is le' allv cau"ht bv a Fielder such 



7 



38 



PLAYING RULES. 



, 



ball is legally held by a Fielder on the Base occupied by the Base 
Runner when such ball was struck (or the Base Runner be touched 
with the ball in the hands of a Fielder), before he retouches said 
base after such Fair or Foul Hit ball was so caught. Provided, 
That the Base Runner shall not be out in such case, if, afterthe 
ball was legally caught as above, it be delivered to the bat by the 
Pitcher before the Fielder holds it on said base, or touches the 
Base Runner with it; but if the Base Runner in attempting to 
reach a base, detaches it before being touched or forced out, he 
shall be declared safe. 

SEC. II. If, when a Batsman becomes a Base Runner, the 
First Base, or the First and Second Bases, or the First, Second 
and Third Bases, be occupied, any Base Runner so occupying a 
base shall cease to be entitled to hold it, until any following Base 
Runner is put out and may be put out at the next base or by being 
touched by the ball in the hands of a F'ielder in the same manner 
as in running to First Base, at any time before any following 
Base Runner is put out. 

Sr.C. 12. If a Fair Hit ball strike him before touching the 
fielder, and in such case no base shall be ran unless forced by the 
Batsman becoming a Base Runner, and no run shall be scored, or 
any other Base Runner put out. 

SEC. 13. If. when running to a base or forced to return to a 
base, he fail to touch the intervening base or bases if any, in the 
order prescribed in Rule 45, he may be put out at the base he fails 
to touch, or by being touched i y the ball in the hands of a F'ielder, 
in the same manner as in running to First Base 

Sei . 14. If, when the Umpire calls ' Play," after any suspen- 
sion of a game, he fails to return to and touch the base he occu- 
pied when "Time" was called before touching the next base. 
WHEN BATSMAN OR BASE RUNNER Is OUT. 

RULE 49. The Umpire shall declare the Batsman or Base Run- 
ner out, without waiting for an appeal for such decision, in all 
cases where such player is put out in ai with these rules, 

except as provided in Rule 48, Sei tions 10 and 14. 
COACHING RULES. 

RULE 50. The Coachers are restricted to coaching the Base 
Runner only, and are not allowed to address any remarks except 
to the Base Runner, and then only in words of necessary 
direction; and shall not use language which will in any manner 
refer to or reflect upon a player of the opposing club, or the 
spectators, and not more than two coachers, who may be one 
player participating in the game and any other player under 
contract to it, in the uniform of either club, shall be allowed at 
any one time. To enforce the above, the Captain of the oppo- 



- 



PLAYING RULES. 



39 



site side may call the attention of the Umpire to the offense, 
and upon a repetition of the same the club shall be debarred 
from further coaching during the game. 

THE UMPIRE. 

Kt'l.K 51. The Umoire shall not be changed during the pro. 
gress of a game, except for reason of illness or injury. 
HIS POWERS AND JURISDICTION. 
RULE 52. Sec. i. The Umpire is master of the Field from 
the commencement to the termination of the game, and is entitled 
to the respect of the spectators, and any person offering any insult 
or indignity to him must be promptly ejected from the grounds. 

Sir. 2. He must be invariably addressed by the players as Mr. 
Umpire; and he must compel the players to observe the provisions 
of all the Playing Rules, and he is hereby invested with authority 
to order any player to do or omit to do any act as he may deem 
necessary, to give force and effect to any and all of such provisions. 
SPECIAL DUTIES. 
RULE 53. The Umpire s duties shall be as follows: 
SEC. I. The Umpire is the sole and absolute judge of play. 
In no instance shall any person he allowed to question the co'r- 
rectneSS of any decision made by him on a play, and no player 
shall leave liis position in the field, his place at the bat, on the 
or players' bench, to approach or 'address the Umpire, 
except on an interpretation of the playing rules, and only that 
shall be done by the Captains of the contending nines. No 
Manager or any other officer of either club shall be permitted 
to go on the held or address the Umpire, under a penalty of a 
mre of a game. 
SEC, 2. Before the commencement of a Game, the Umpire 
shall see that the rules governing all the materials of the game 
are strictly observed, lie shall ask the Captain of the Home 
b whether there are any special ground rules to be enforced, 
and if there are, he shall see thai they are duly enforced, pro- 
vided they do not conflict with any of these rules. lie shall 
also secure from the ( aptains of the conte ting teams tl eir re- 
spective hatting orders, which, upon approval, shall he followed 
as provided in Rule 19. 

SEC. 3. The Umpire must keep the contesting nines playing 
constantly from the commencement of the game in its termination, 
allowing such delaj 9 birij as are rendered unavoidable by accident, 
injury or rain 1 le must, until the completion of the game, require 
the pla . icfa side to promptly take their positions in the field 

is soon as the third man is put "in. and must require the first 
striker of the opposite side to be in his position at the bat as soon 
as the fielders are in their places. 



Ill 



PLAVIN.; RULES. 



Sec. 4. The Umpire shall count and call every " unfair ball" 
delivered by the Pitcher, and every "dead ball," if also an unfair 
ball, as a ' ball," and he shall also count and call every "strike." 
Neither a "ball" nor a "strike" shall be counted or called until 
the ball has passed the Home Base, lie shall also declare every 
" Dead Ball " " Block," "Foul Hit," "Foul Strike, "and "Balk. 

Rui E 54. For the special benefit of the patrons of the game, 

and because the offences specified are under his immediate juris- 

1. and not subject to appeal by players, the attention of the 

Umpire is particularly directed to possible violations of the pur- 

ul spirit of the Rules, of the following character: 

Skc. 1. Laziness or loafing of players in taking their places in 
the field, or those allotted them by the Rules when their side is at 
the bat, and especially any failure to keep the bats in the racks pro- 
vided for them; to be ready to lake position as Batsmen and 
to remain upon the Players' Bench, except when otherwise re- 
quired by the Rules. 

Sec. 2'. Any attempt by players of the side at bat, by calling to 
a Fielder, other than the one designated by his Captain, to field a 
ball, or by any other equally disreputable means seeking to discon- 
cert a Fielder. 

SEC. }. The Rules make a marked distinction between hin- 
drance of an adversary in fielding a batted or thrown ball. This 
has been done to rid the game of the childish excuses and claims 
formerly made by a Fielder failing to hold a ball to put out a Base 
Runner. But there may be cases of a base Runner su flagrantly 
violating the spirit of the Rules and of the Game in obstructing a 
fielder from fielding a thrown ball that it would become the duty 
of the Umpire, not only to declare the Base Runner "out" (and 
to compel Base Runners to return to the bases last held by them), 
but also to impose a heavy line upon him. For example : If 
the Base Runner plainly strike at the ball while passing him, 
to prevent its being caught by a fielder; if he holds a Fielder's 
arms s.> as Id disable him from catching the ball, or if he run 
knock the Fielder down for the same purpose. 
CALLING "PLAY" AM) "TIME." 

RULE =5. The Umpire must call "Play," promptly at the 
hour designated by the Home I In I., mtl on the call of "Play" the 
1 immediately begin, When lie calls "Time, play 
shall be suspended until he calls "Play" again, and during the 
interim no player shall be put out, base be run or run be scored. 
The Umpire shall suspend play only for an accident to himself or 
a player (but in case of accident to a fielder, "Time" shall not be 
called until the ball be returned to and held by the Pitcher, stand- 
ing in his position), or in case tain fails so heavily that the spec- 
tators are compelled, by the severity of the storm, to seek shelter, 



PLAYING RULES. 



41 



in which case he shall note the time of suspension, and should 
such rain continue to fall thirty minutes thereafter, he shall ter- 
minate the yame; or to enforce order in case of annoyance from 
spectators. 

Kt it: $6. The Umpire is only allowed, by the Rules, to call 
"Time" in case of an accident to himself or a player, a "Block," 
as referred to in Rule 35, Sec. 3, or in case of rain, as defined 
by the Rules. The practice of players suspending the game to 
discuss or contest a decision with the Umpire, is a gross viola- 
tion of the Rules, and the Umpire must promptly line any player 
who interrupts the game in this manner. 
iNn.i.'i iv. FINKS. 

RULE 57. The Umpire is empi indict tines of not less 

than !?5.oo nor more than §-'?.(.o for the first offence on players 
during the progress of a game, as follows: 

SEC, I. lor indecent or improper language addressed to the 
audience, the Umpire, or any player. 

SEC. 2. For the Captain or Coachcr wilfully failing to remain 
within the legal bounds of his position, except upon an appeal by 
the Captain from the Umpire's decision upon a misinterpretation 

of the rules. 

SEC. > For the disobedience by a player of any other of his 
orders or for any oil er violation of these Rules. 

SEC. 4. In case the Umpire imposes a line on a player, he 
shall at once notify the ( 'aptain of the offending player's side, am! 
shall transmit a written notice thereof to the President of the 
A-soi iation or League within twenty-four hours thereafter, under 
the penalty of having said tine taken from his own salary. 

SEC. 5. A repetition of any of the above offences shall, at the 
discretion cf the Umpire, subject the offender cither to a repeti- 
tion of the fine or to removal from the held, and the immediate 
substitution of another player then in uniform. 

FIELD RULES. 

ROLE 58. No Club shall allow open betting or pool selling 
upon its grounds, nor in any building owned or occupied by it. 

RULE $<). No person shall be allowed upon any part of the 

held during the progress of the game, in addition to the players in 

uniform, the Manager on each side and the Umpire; except sin h 

S '! the law as may be present in uniform, and such officials 

of the Home Club as may be necessary to preserve the peace. 

RULE 60. No Umpire, Manager, Captain or player shall ad- 
dress the spectators during the progress of a game, except in case 
of necessary explanation. 

Rule 6x. Every Club shall furnish sufficient police force upon 
its own ground • i"> preserve order, and in the event of a crowd enter- 



r 



42 



PLAYING RUI ES. 



ing the field during the progress of a game, and interfering with 
the play in any manner, the Visiting Club may refuse to play 
further until the field be cleared. If the ground be not cleared 
within fifteen minutes thereafter, the Visiting Club may claim, and 
shall be entitled to, the game by a score of nine runs to none (no 
matter what number of innings have been played.) 
GENERAL DEFINITIONS. 

Rui.E 6>. "Play" is the order of the Umpire to begin the 
game, or to resume play after its suspension. 

RULE 63. ■ Time" is the order of the Umpire to suspend 
play. Such suspension must not extend beyond the day of the 
game. 

Rule 64. "Game" is the announcement by the Umpire that 
the game is terminated. 

Rule 05. "An Inning" is the term at bat of the nine players 
representing a Club in a game, ami is completed when three of 
sach players have been put out as provided in these rules 

Rule 16. "A Time at Bat" is the term at bat of a Batsman 
It begins when be takes his position, and continues until he is p it 
out or becomes a base runner; except when, because of being hit 
by a pitched ball, or in case of an illegal delivery by the Pitcher, 
as in Rule 44 

Rule 67. "Legal" or ' Legally" signifies as required by I 
Rules. 

SCORING. 

Rule 6S. In order to promote Uniformity in Scoring Champ- 
ionship Games the following instructions, suggestions and defi- 
nitions are made for the benefit of scorers, and they are required 
to make all scores in accordance therewith. 



SEC. I. The first item in the tabulated score, after the play- 
er's name and position, shall be the number of times he has been 
at bat during the game. The time or times when the player has 
been sent to base by being hit by a pitched ball, by the Pitcher's 
illegal delivery, or by a base on balls, shall not be included in this 
column, 

SEC. 2. In the second column should be set down the runs 
made by each player 

SEC 3. In the third column should be placed the first base 
hits made by each player. Abase hit should be scored in the 
following cases: 

When the ball from the bat strikes the ground within the foul 
lines, and out of reach of the Fielders. 

When a hit ball is partially or wholly stopped by a Fielder in 
motion, but such player cannot recover himself in time to handle 
the ball before the striker reaches First liase. 



V 



PLAYIXG RULES. 



43 



When a hit ball is hit so sharply to an infielder that he cannot 
handle it in time to put out the Batsman. In case of doubt over 
this class of hits, score a base hit, and exempt the Fielder from 
the charge of an error. 

When a ball is hit so slowly toward a Fielder that he cannot 
handle it in time to put out the Batsman. 

That in all cases where a Base Runner is retired by being hit by 
a batted ball, the Batsman should be credited with a base hit. 

When a batted ball hits the person or clothing of the Umpire, 
as defined in Rule 37. 

SEC. 4. In the fourth column shall be placed Sacrifice hits, 
which shall be credited to the Batsman, who, when but one man is 
out advances a Runner a base on a fly to the outfield or a ground 
hit, which results in putting out the Batsman, or would so result 
if handled without error. 

FIELDING. 

Sec. 5. The number of opponents put out by each player 
shall be set down in the fifth column. Where a Batsman is given 
out by the Umpire for a foul strike, or where the Batsman fails to 
bat in proper order, the put out shall be scored to the Catcher. 

Sec. 6. The number of times the player assists shall be set 
down in the sixth column. An assist should be given to each 
player who handles the ball in assisting a run out or other play 
of the kind. 

An assist should be given to a player who makes a play in 
time to put a runner out, even if the player who could complete 
:!x play fails, through no fault of the player assisting. 

And generally an assist should be given to each player who 
handles or assists in any manner in handling the ball from the 
time it ieaves the bat until it reaches the player who makes the 
put out, or in case of a thrown ball, to each player who throws 
or handles it cleanly, and in such a way that a put-out results, 
or would result if no error were made by the receiver. 

ERRORS. 

. 7. An error shall be given in the seventh column for 
each [Display which allows the striker or base runner to make one 
or more bases when perfect play would have insured his being put 
out, except that "wild pitches,'" "bases on balls," "bases on th< 
batsman being struck by a pitched ball," or case of illegal pitched 
balls, balks and passed balls, shall not be included in said column. 
In scoring errors of batted balls see Section 3 of this Rule. 
STOLEN BASES. 

Sec. 8. Stolen bases shall be scored as follows: 
Any attempt to steal a base must go to the credit of the base 
runner, whether the ball is thrown wild or muffed by the fielder, 
but any manifest error is to be charged to the fielder making the 



44 



PLAYING RULES. 



same. If the base runner advances another base he shall not be 
credited with a stolen base, and the fielder allowing the advance- 
ment is also to be charged with an error. If a base runner makes 
a start and a battery error is made, the runner secures the credit 
of a stolen base, and the battery error is scored against the player 
making it Should a base runner overrun a base and then be put 
out, he shall receive the credit for the stolen base. If a Base 
Runner advances a base on a fly out, or gains two bases on a 
single base hit, or an infield out, or attempted out, ne shall be 
credited with a stolen base, provided there is a possible chance 
and a palpable attempt made to retire him. 

EARNED RUNS. 

Sec. o. An earned run shall be scored every time the playe: 
reaches the home base unaided by errors before chances have 
been offered to retire the side. 

I 111: SUMMARY. 

Rule 69. The Summary shall contain: 
SECTION i. The number of earned runs made by each side. 
SEC. 2. The number of two-base hits made by each player. 
SEC. 3. The number of three base hits made by each player. 

4. The number of home runs made by each player. 
Sec. 5. The number of bases stolen by each plaj 
SEC 6. The number of double and triple plays made by each 
side, with the names of the playe e in the same. 

Sec 7. The number of men given bases on tailed balls by 

Pitcher. 
Sec. 8. The number of :nen given bases from being hit b) 
pitched balls. 

SEC 9. The number of men struck out. 

. 10. The number of passed balls by each Catcher. 
C. II. The number of wild pitches by each Pitcher. 
Shc. 12. The time of game. 
sec. 13. The name of the Umpire. 



MEETING 01 FORMER REPRESENTATIVES. 



45 



MEETING OF FORMER REPRESENTATIVES. 



A MEETING OF FORMER REPRESENTATIVES OF THE NATIONAL 

LEAGUE \\l> AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PROFESSIONAL 

BASE BALL CLUBS WAS HELD AT THE BATES HOUSE, 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 
I", 1S9I, AT 2 O'CLOCK I'. M. 

I'hc object of the meeting was stated by Mr. Byrne to be that 
of forming a new Professional Base Hall organization. Mr. B 
also made a full and complete statement of the arduous labors '>f 
the committee in effecting a compromise of existing differences, 
and mak'ng a new and united organization a possibility. 

On motion. Mr. A. 1 1. Soden of Boston, was selected as Chair- 
man, and Mr. Frank Elliott of Philadelphia, as Secretary. 

On motion of <'ol, Jno. I. Rogers it was unanimously agreed 
that the clubs here represented enter into a new organization, and 
that l he several clubs present the names of their respective 01 
izations and the delegates representing them, which were given as 
follows: 

The Brooklyn Ball Club, represented by Chas. II. Byrne, Pres. 

The Baltimore Hasc Hall & Exhibition Co., represented by 11. 
k. Von der Hoist, Pres. 

The Boston Base Pail Association, represented by A. 11. Soden, 
Pres. and W. H. t'onant. 

The CI ago Ball Club, represented by Jas. A. Hart, I 

Tin: Cincinnati Pall flub, represented by J. T. Brush, Pres. 

The Philadelphia P.all Club (limited), represented by A. J. 
Reach, Pres. and Col. J. I. Rogers. 

The Cleveland Base Pali Co., represented by F. De II. Robi- 
son, Pres. an.l Ceo. \V. Howe, I n 

The Louisville Pase Ball Club, represented by T. Geo. Ruck- 
stahl, V.-Pres. 

The National Exhibition Co. of New York City, represented by 
Jno. B. Hay, Pres. and J. W. Spalding, Treas. 

The Pittsburg Athletic Co., represented by A . K. Scandrett, Sec 

The St. I.ouis Base Ball Association, represented by Chris. 
Von der Ahe, Pres. and C. Stark. 



46 



MEETING OF FORMER REPRESENTATIVES. 



The National Base Ball Club of Washington, D. C, rep- 
resented by M. B. Scanlon and T. B. Kalbfus, Sec'y. 

Mr. J no. B Day moved that an informal ballot be taken for the 
purpose of giving each representative an opportunity to express 
his preference for a name to be given the new organization. 
Carried. 

After an informal expression of preferences, it was unanimously 
agreed that the name of the new organization shall be "The 
National League and American Association of Professional Base 
Ball Clubs." 

Mr. | n<>. T. Brush, the Chairman of the "Joint Cimtnittee" 
of the National League and American Association, presented, as 
the report on behalf of the committee, a Constitution which was 
unanimously adopted and signed by all the club members. 

Mr. Brush moved that the organization proceed to the election 
of officers. 

Mr. Chris Von der Ahe nominated Mr, N. E, Voung for pres- 
ident and secretary of the new organization, for a term of three 
years, There being no other nomination— upon motion of Mr. 
Byrne — Mr. Von der Ahe cast the ballot foi Mr. Young, and he 
wa« declared unanimous!; 

Mr. Von der Ahe was selected to escort President Voung in o 
the room. President Voung, upon taking his scat, expressed hi 
thanks for the honor conferred, as veil as his pleasure at the 
happy solution and settlement of former differences, and pre- 
dicted, for the new organization, a bright and prosperous future. 

On motion of Mr, Robison the organization proceeded to the 
election of directors with the following i 

JaS. A. Hart, Chicago; Chris Von der Ahe. St. Louis; J, T. 
Brush, Cincinnati; A. II. Sodcn, Boston; 11. K. Von der Horst, 
Baltimore; F. S. Elliott, Washington. 

Upon motion, the President was authorized to appoint Col. Jno. 
I. Rogers, Judge C. Stark and Jno. T. Brush as a commit! 
three to prepare a form of contract, and that they be requested to 
make report at the following morning session. 

The President was also authorized to appoint a committee of 
three to prepare a schedule of payment of sums of money to be 



MEETING OF FORMER REPRESENTATIVES. 



47 



paid the several retiring clubs of the American Association ii 
adjustment of the settlements agreed upon by the joint committee; 
also to h-ve prepared the proper obligations, in order to secure 
the same. 

Messrs. Von der llorst, Robison and Soden were appointed as 
such committee, to be assisted by Col. Jno. I. Rogers. 

Upon motion, it was agreed thai all the agreements entered 
into by the joint committee of the National League and American 
Association, at St. Louis, Dec. 5, 1891, be read before this 
body, entered upon the minutes, and are hereby fully ratified and 
adopti 

St. Louis Agreements, Dec 5, 180,1. (See Agreements.) 

Upon motion, Mr. Zack Phelps of Louisville, Ky., was elected 
as attorney for the organization, and subsequently the motion 
was amended to include Col. Jno. I. Rogers of Philadelphia, as 
additional counsel. Col. Rogers was appointed by the 
to notify Mr. Phelps and escort him into the room. 

On motion, a recess was taken until 12 o'clock noon. 

\l •.•ting called to order at 12 o'clock noon, all club representa- 
tive ■ b-'ing present. 

1 in motion, it was unanimously agreed that the championship 
season should consist of 132 or 154 games and be divided into 
tw 1 relies, and that the Schedule Committee be instructed to pre- 
pare two schedules. 

The following committees were appointed by the President: 

Schedule Committee — C. II. Byrne, Chris Von <i^ Abe, Jas. 
A Hart. 

Plaving Rules Committee — A. J. Reach, II. K. Von der Horst, 
Jno. T, Brush. 

( )n motion, it was unanimously agreed that a committee be ap- 
pointed to consider the recommendation of the joint committee, 
looking to the protection of the minor organizations. Or. motion 
allowing named gentlemen were selected to constitute such 
committee: Messrs. Phelps, Rogers and Young. 

On motion it was unanimously agreed that each club shall 
furnish, on its grounds, a suitable dressing room for the exclusive 
1 visiting clu 



IS 



MEETING 01 FORMER REPRESENTATIVES. 



On motion, the President was authorized and instructed to have, 
if possible, the name of the new organization copyrighted. 

The following motions offered by Mr. Brush were adopted; 

That within ten days from this da'.e a list of a 1 players not as- 
signed by the committee, or not claimed by any club, shall be 
forwarded by the committee to each club member. 

That the next meeting of this organization be held at the Fifth 
Avenue Hotel, New Vork City. 

Mr. Robison moved that the notes tot payment o( ob 
be fully executed by the President of this association, and that 
after their execution a complete list of the same be forwarded to 
each club member. 

It was unanimously agreed that the notes, when signed, shall 
be turned over to .\. E. Young to be 1 row, and that he 

be authorized to carry out ail agreements with the retiring clubs 
of the American \- iciation, 

i >u motion, the Secretary was instructed to return to Mr. Phelps 
.ill in i i by the American Association to Messrs. 

Gaffney and McQuaid, in case they are selected and engage 
umpires in the new organization. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

/■:, olv ■> . I hat the Eresident of this organization be authorized 
and instructed to enter into contract with A. G. Spalding & Bros 
in furnish bails for the club members, for a period of live years, 
with a privilege of reni ig period of five years, 

upon the following terms and conditions, viz.: Said A. G. 
Spalding & Bros, to furnish gratuitously to said c rganizatioi 
hundred and fifty dozen balls, and to furnish additional quan 
red. at their lowest club rates. 

On motion, Messrs. Voung and Phelps were unanimously ap- 
pointed and constituted a committee to carry out thern 
tion of t!i< in relation to 1 1 menl ol p 

with full power to set >r disputes where the 

services of g player were desi imed by more than one club, 

by right of agreement or contract. 

motion, the President was duly authorized to levy an extra 
assessment to meet any notes that may be necessary. 

On motion adjourned. N. E. SfOUNG, 

President iimi Secretary, 



1 \I MEE I'IMi. 



49 



SPECIAL MEETING. 



Abel! representing the Brooklyn 



I MEETING OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE or PROFESSIONAL 
BASE BALL CLUBS, HELD AT THE FIFTH AVENUE HOTEL, 

NEW YORK CITY, II F.sIiAY, MARCH I, lSg2. 

Meeting called to order at 6 .40 P. M. 

Present : 

Jobn B. Day and J. W. Spalding, representing the National 
Exhibition Co., of New York City. 

[as. A. Ilart representing the Chicago Ball Club. 

A. J. Reach and Jobn I. Rogers, representing the Philadel- 
phia Ball 1 Hub. 

\V. C. Temple and A. K. Scandrett representing the Pitts- 
burgh Athletic Company. 

C. 11. Byrne and F. A. 
Base Ball Club. 

J. T. lirusb, representing the Cincinnati Base Hall Club. 

F, De II. Robison and <;. \V. Howe representing the Cleve- 
land base ball Company. 

A. II. Soden and YV. II. Conant, representing the Boston 
base Ball Association. 

Dr. T. Hunt Stucky and J. George Kuchstahl, representing 
the Louisville Base Ball Co. 

II. K. Von der Horsl and Herman Von der llorst, repre- 
senting the Baltimore Base Ball and Exhibition Co. 

o. \Y. Wagner and F. S. Elliott, representing the Na- 
tional base ball Club, Washington, D. C. 

Chris Yon der Ahe, representing the St. Louis bast- ball As- 
sociation, • 

The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved 

Col. Rogers, as Chairman of Committee on Contracts, sub- 
mitted a report which was on motion accepted. 

Col, Rogers, as Chairman of the National Agreement Com- 
mittee, submitted a report which was, on motion, referred to a 
special committee consisting of Messrs. Byrne, Stucky, Day, 
Elliott and Howe, with instructions to submit their report at 
their earliest convenience. 
4 



50 



1 \i. Ml 1. I INC. 



• in motion Mr. Day was accorded the privilege of the lloor 
for the purpose of convincing the League that the N'cw York 
Club had a legal contract with Dan'l Richardson. 

( in motion adjourned to meet at 2 P.M. on the following day. 

Wednesday, March 2, 180.2. 

Meeting called to order at 3 I'. M. 

'The Special Committee to consider the National Agreement 
submitted their report, and it was unanimously adopted. 

The Committee on Playing Rules submitted their rep 
which was unanimously adopted. (See Playing Rule 

On motion adjourned to meet on the following day. 

Thursday, M i S92. 

Meeting called to order at 12 o'clock noon. 

The following named gentlemen were elected to constitute the 
National Board: N. E. V C, II. Byrne and /.. Phi 

Col. Rogers declined with thanks :i nomination as .1 mi 
of the Hoard. 

(In motion the next annual meeting will be held in .New 
York City. 

'The Schedule Committee submitted theii report, and it was 
unanimously adopted. 

A vole ol thanks was tendered the Schedule Committee, as 
well as their able assistants, Messrs. EbbettS and Munson, for 
their able and efficient work in preparing a schedule. 

It was unanimously agreed tl lUrgh and Washington 

be allowed to change games of Labor Day to Pittsburgh, 

games ol fcugusl 1? and if. to Washington. Also that Haiti 
more and Pittsburgh be alio tange games as sched- 

uled On Decoration Day and independence Day. 

On motion each club be required to furnish lockers foi 
visiting player, and that such visiting players be required to 
furnish locks for such lockers. 

On motion the lock manufactured by the Keyless Lock 1 
of Cincinnati, 0., was re 1 for use. 

notion adjourned. V E. VOUNG, 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 



51 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 
The following is an official list of the- officers of the Xation.il 
League and American Association of Professional Base Ball 
Clubs, and officers and players of clubs, members thereof, for 
the season of i S92 so far as completed to March, iSy2. 

V E Y< iTJNG, Pres't and Sec, 

Box - .''. Washington, 1). C 



JAS. A. 1 1. mm , 
A. II. SODEN, 



DIRECTORS. 
Chris Vi in der Ant. 

II. R. \ < IN DER I [ORST, 



J, T. Brush, 
F. S. Elliott. 



CHICAGO BALL CLUB 1 >1 CHICAGO. ILL. 



Jan. A. Hart, President, 
No, 108 Madison St. 



Adrian C. Anson, 
N. 1-'. Pfeffi i 
Jno, P. Luby, 
Thos. Burns, 

Walter Wilmot. 
lames Ryan. 



J. J. Cooney, 
Win. Dahlen, 
A. ( '. ( lumbei I , 
M. J. Kittredge, 
Wm. Hutchinson, 
Wm. Schriver, 



I ml A. Brown, Secretary, 
No. 165 Loomii Si. 



C. It. Murphy, 
Martin Duke, 
II. 1.. Pipp, 
S. M. Dungan, 
< ieo, 1 '. Meakin, 



CLEVELAND BASE BALL COMPANY 1 >F CLEVELAND 

i iHIO. 
1- . Mill. RoBtsox, Davis Hawlev, Geo. W. Howe, 

Si t rctary. Treasurer, 

Leon Vian, Chas. 1.. Zimmer, Jesse Burkett, 

I. K. Virtue, 11. Tebeau, Davies, 

1 L. Childs, S. Davis, 1. R. McAleer, 

E.J. McKean, D. T. Young, Geo. Kettger, 

J.J. Di Jno. O'Connor, Geo. Cuppy. 

BOSTON BASE BALL VSSO< l\Tlo\ m BOSTON 
MASS. 

\. H. Soden, President, I. I:. Billings, Trea 

No 111 Water Si. A',,, , — , 

II. D. Stovey, Chas. Getzein, Hugh Huffy, 

C. W, Benr T. 1. Tucker, Thos. F. McCarthy 

C. W. Ganzell, W. 11. s - \l. |. Kelly, 

R.L, Lowe, John <;. Clarkson, II. E. Staley, 

Joseph Quinn, ('. A. Nichols, [no. E. Stivetts 

II. C. Ung, 



w 



52 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 



BROOKLYN BASE BALL CLUB OF BROOKLYN, N. Y. 



J. 



Chas. II. Byrne, President 

Eastern B, B. Park. 
H. Collins, Thos. Hums 



T. P. Daley, 
T. J. I.ovett, 
D. L. Font/, 
Jno. M. Ward, 



Dennis Brouthers 

Hart, 

Corcoran, 

C. V. Dailey, 



!■'. A. Aiiia.l.. 
Secretary and Treasurer. 
Win. [oyce, 
W. IL terry, 
Geo. S. Haddock, 
M. J. Griffin, 



PHILADELPHIA BALL CLUB, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 
A. 1. Reach, President I v. I. Rogers, Tr, 

1 1 13 Mark,! St. 1 38 .V. Sixth St. 

Harry Wright, Afana& 

1741 .V. Twenty-second St. 
J. W. Clements, S. L. Thompson, C. T. Reilly. 
E. J. Delelianty, Jos. Mnlvey, August Weyhing, 

(has. Esper, R. G. Allen, T. J. Keek-, 

Jno. Thornton, W. Brown, Roger Connor, 

\V. R. Hamilton, Lave Cross, Wilfred Carsey 

Wm. Hall man, 

PITTSBURGH ATHLETIC COMPANY, PITTSBURGH, 



PA. 



W. C. TEMPLE, President, 
Xo. 408 Lewis Block. 



A K. 



Edward I [anion, 
L. Bierbauer, 
I. P. Beckley, 
Mark Baldwin, 
Ceo. I-'. Miller, 
< lonnie Mack, 
Jerry Denny, 



A. W. Whitney, 
Grant Briggs, 

P. Khret, 
1 . I .. Shugart, 
Elmer E, Smith, 
D. I . Min I 
|as. ]•'. ( lalvin, 



SCANDRE1 1 , Secretary, 
Register's Office. 
C, E, Swartwoi 

Win. N. Karl. 
I no. S. Corkhill. 
i'. W. Woodcock, 
C. A. Farrell, 
W. C. Camp. 



NATIONAL EXHIBITION COMPANY, NEW YORK 

CITY. 

[NO. 1 ; . Day, President, J. W. SPALDING, Treasurer^ 

Ac 121 Maiden Lane. Xo. 241 Broad; 

Ceo. F. Core, M. I. Tiernan, Chas. F. King, 

Wm. Evnng, Dennis Lyons, 

J. H. O'Rourke, Chas. E. llassett, 

Jno. Ewing, Van Zandt, 

Jno. Boyle, Amos Rusie. 



Jno. Sharrott, 
'Wm. Fuller, 
M. J. Sullivan. 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 



53 



ST. LOUIS BASE BALL ASSOCIATION. 
Chris Yon der Aiie, President, 2800 Grand Avenue 
Jno. F. O'Brien, J. \\ . Glasscock, Easton Parrott, 
Frank Dwyer, 
W. s. Brodie, 
T. C. Ni< hoi 01 
R. D. Buckley, 
Frank Cenins, 
R. L. Caruthers, 



Frank Bird, 
Theo. Bretenstein, 

Win. Moran, 

< ieo. B. I'inknev, 

I. A. Newell, 
W. J. Van Dyke, 

BALTIMORE BASE BALL & EXHIBITION COMPANY. 

II. R. Von der Horst, Herman Von der Horst, 



Clifi Carroll, 

Wm. Gleason, Jr. 
P, W. Werden, 
Jno. Crooks, 
Strieker. 



President. 
I. McMahon, 

Whistler, 

Gilbert. 

W. Johnson, 

Jno. lUalv, 



Pickett, 

J. B. I unison, 

McGraw, 

Thos. I les 

Win, Shi in llr, 



Secretary. 

Welch, 

Cobb, 

Robinson, 

Ceo, Van Haltren, 
C. G. Buffinton. 



U A ISVILLE i; i I 



BALL C( >MI'A\Y 
KV. 
T, I 1 1 ■ ■. STUCKY, President, 
i-ji) West Chestnut St. 



I.<>l/ls\ II. I E. 



J. C. ClIAI'M \\. 

Mana 
J. M. Hess, 
[no. Grimm, 

' Cahill, 

Thos. Brown, 
|. F. Seery. 



• Jennings, Meekin, 

Wei Stratton, 

J. E. Canavan, A. I!. Sanders, 

T. J. Dowse, Fitzgerald, 

Taylor, VV, I. Kuehne, 

L. R. Browning, 

NATIONAL BASE BALL CLUB, WASHINGTON, D. C. 
Geo. \\ . Wagner, President. Wm. Barnie, Mana 

Han'1 Richardson, F. B. Killen. W. F. Hoy, 

F. I. Foreman o. Shock, Gastright, 

Larkin, Jno. Milli Duffee, 

r. A. Radford, Dolan, II, Richardson, 

Ja3. McGuire, Phil Knell, Geo, A.Wood. 

CINCINNATI HALL CLUB, CINCINNATI, O. 



I ji i. T. Brush 
ident. 

A. I 'omisky, 
P, Rhines, 

E. Mulligan, 
I . I hamberlain, 



C. 

w 
w 

E. 



X. ASHLEY I.i.on d, Set 'y and i 
Court and Plum Sts. 



Win. McCill, 
J. Harrington, 
Morgan Murphy, 
J. \Y. Holliday, 

Ceo. Smith, 



T. I. Mullane, 

J. F. O'Neil, 
W. \. Latham, 
E. 1). Burke. 



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SPALDING'S 

Trade-Mark Bats 



\- 



No. 3-0. No. 4-0. No. 5-0. No, o x and No. 2 \ No. 00. 

CH.CACO. A, 6. SPALDING & BROS. NHWVORK, 

PHILADELPHIA. 



mmv 



SPALDING'S 

Trade-Marked Bats 



SPALDING'S TEADE-MABK^D BATS, since their introduction in 
iS77, have been, and are now used, almost exclusively by all prominent pro- 
fessional and amateur players. 

All the timber used in these bats is seasoned from one to two years, mak- 
ing the bat a lighter, stronger bat than those of other manufacturers, who are 
I to rush their timber through dry kilns, thus destroying the life, qual- 
td driving power of the timber. 

In our ! pedal Black and Wagon Tongue Bat, we introduce this year our 

p tencd rough handle, enabling the batsman to secure a firmer grasp on the 

bat. All these bats— SPALDING'S WAGON TONGTJE-are made from 

by tlie most skillful batsmen in the League and 

Asso< ial 

; made by us is hand-turned, and upon critical examination, if 
they answer ail toe requirements — good timber, perfect workmanship, 
our SPALDING TEADEMARK is put on, making a guarantee of quality 
to our customers. 

We call special attention to our SACRIFICE BATS, made of the finest 
selected wood, and used by noted sacrifice hitters during the past season. We 
make these bats either in light or heavy weight and stained exactly alike so 
as to dece ve the opposing club. 

PRICES. „ . 

Each. 

No. 4-0. Spalding's Sacrifice Bats, Finest Selected Willow $1 00 

No. 5 0. " " " Wagon Tongue Ash 100 

No. 000. Spalding's Special Black End, League Playere' Wagon 

Tongue Ash Bat, new patent rough handle 1 00 

No. XXX. Spalding's Special Black End, Boys' League, 

quality Ash as No. ooo, 30 and 3 J inches 50 

No. OX. Spalding's Special Black End Axletree Bat, finest straight 

grained white ash 50 

No. OXB. Spalding's Special Black End Axletree Boys' Bat, 30 

and ;'- inches 25 

No. 2x. .Spalding's Antique Finished Bat, extra qu ility ash. black 

end, and trade-marked 25 

No. 2-0. Spalding's Special Black Band League, fine quality white 

ash, highly polished, pati indie 80 

No. 3. Spalding's Black E d Bosswcod Bat, from selected t mber, 

I lit finish 25 

No. 4. Spalding's Black End Willow Bat, highly finished, and is 
to be the beM lighl ^ ' bal made; incased in 

strong paper bag 50 

No. 53. Spalding's Youth's Maple Biit, black bind and gilt, trade- 
marked, Length 33 to 3a inches 10 

No. 56. Spalding's Youths' Stained Maple Bat, black band, trade- 
in gilt; sStO 32 inches 10 

No. 54. Sp Iding's Maple Bat. for boys, 26 to 2S inches in length, 

with rings and trade-marked 05 



CHICAGO 



, A. G. SPALDING & BROS, nhw 



YORK. 



PHILADELPHIA. 



S PHLDING' S 

Trade-Marked Catcher's Masks. 



PA TENTED. 



No. 4-0. Spaklin ;*s New Patented Sun Protecting Mask. Made 
of black enamel wire, with a perfect shade for the eyes, not in- 
creasing tlie weight of the mask. A great improvement on all 
other makes. I'rice $5 00 




No. 3-0 Mask. No. 00 Mask. No. O Mask. 

No. 3-0. Spalding's New Paten-ed Neck-Protecting Mask. 
This mask has a peculiar shaped extension at the bottom wliich 
affords the same protection to the neck as the •mask does to 
the face. It does not interfere in the si ghtest degree with 
the free movement of the head, and is the only mask n 
which affords perfect protection to a catcher. '1 he entire mask 
cted of the best hardened wire, extra heavy padded 
with goat hair, and the padding faced with tht best imported 
doeskin, which is impervious to perspiration, and a] t; 
soft and pliable, each : $4 OO 

No. 2-0. Spalding's Special League Mask, used by all leading 
I rofessional catchers, extra heavy wire, well padded with 
goat hair, and the padding faced with the best imported dog- 
skin, which is impervious to perspiration, and retains its plia- 
bility and usefulness S3 BO 

No. 1-0. Spalding's Regulation League Mask, made of heavy 
wire, well padded and faced with horsehide, warranted first- 
class in every respect $3 00 

™,oAco A G. SPALDING & BROS, newvork. 

PHILADELPHIA. 




J 

No. A Mask. No. C Mask. No. D Mask. 

No. A. Spalding's Amateur Mask, made the same size and general 
style as the League Mask, but with lighter wire and faced with 
leather. We guarantee this mask to be superior to so-called 
League or professional masks sold by other manufacturers $1.75 

No. B. Spalding's Boys' Amateur Mask, similar to the No. A Mask, 

only made smaller, to fit a boy's face 1.50 

No. C. Youths' Mask, without bead or chin piece 1.00 

No. D. Boys' Mask, light wire, without head or chin piece 50 

SPALDING'S PATENT CELLULOID UMPIRE INDICATOR, 




As shown in the above cut, is intended for the use of Bass Bail I' 
and Scorers to keep tally of the number of Strikes and Balls that may be 
called. The illustration, which repre'ents the exact size of the Indicator, 
gives a good idea of its construction and mode of handling. Ii can be easily 
operated by the thumb or finger while held in the palm of the hand. It has 
been highly recommended by all League and Association umpires who have 

seen it. Price each ■ • • •. 5°c 

By mail postpaid on receipt of price 



CHICAGO 



: A. G. SPALDING & BROS, ■ 



EW YORK. 



PHILADELPHIA. 



r 



Spalding's Catcher's Mitts. 

PATENTED. 

No. 7-0. Spalding's Special League Catcher's Mitt, New Model. 

Finest quality drab buckskin, finest dogskin back, with fine buckskin hand- 
piece with patent short fingered throwing glove. This mitt is padded with 
extra thick felt, and laced all around, so that the padding can be changed 
and adjusted to suit the catcher, and is absolutely the finest protection (or 
the hand ever made. Price #7.50. 




No. 7- f >, FltON r OF M111. 

No. 5-0. Spalding's Laced League Catcher's Mitt. 

Made of fine peccaria h< pliable and durable, not liable to 

harden, wi;h the 1 trowing glove and I >ecker patent back. 

In other respects like our 7-O glove. I nee fj.OO. 
A. Spalding's Amateur Catcher's Mitt. 

'I hlfl mttl is made of extra quality leather, heavily padded with felt, and 

laced all around to admit of adjusting the old padding or putting new pad- 
ding in when necessary. Patent Throwing Glove, The very best mitt tot 
loney. Price £2.50. 

FOR BOYS. 

No. 1. SPALDING'S BOTS' SPECIAL LACED MITT, of drab buckskin, 
heavily padded, with short fingered throwing glove, made like our 7-U 
glove, only smaller, making the 6m W DOyV mitt ever made. Price $4.00. 

No. 2. Spalding's Heavily Padded Leather Mitts, for boys, made of buck- 
skin, laced, and with patent short fingered throwing glove. Price $2.00, 

FOR MEN. 

No. 3. Spalding's fFull Size Leather Mitt, well made, but of cheaper 
material— a splendid mitt to sell at popular price — short fingered thxov 
glove. Price Si. 00. 

FOR BOYS. 

No. 4, Spalding's Leather Mitt, same as No. 3, smaller size, for boys onlyi 
at the popular price of 50 cts. 

No. 5. Spalding's Canvas Mitt. This mitt, designed for boys, is a first- 
class mitt for the money, and will meet with rapid sale. Price 25 cts. 



Decker Patent Safety Catcher's Mitt. 




Decker Mit 



Decker Throwing Glove 
to go with Mitt. 



Decker Mitt, Back. 



No. oX. We take pleasure in calling attention to the new 
Decker Safety Catching Mitt, which has, wherever shown 
and introduced, been conceded to be unequaled for protection 
to the hands. A catcher need have no fear of broken fingers 
when wearing them. 
Each pair is packed in a separate box price per pair, $3 50 

SPALDING'S FULL LEFT HAND CATCHER'S AND 
FIELDER'S CLOVES. 

No. 2-0 Spalding's Catcher's Gloves, patented, heavy 

buckskin, with short fingered right hand, well padded, 

no seams in palms $3 0o 

No. G. Spalding's Boys Cheap Full Left Hand 

Glove 50 

No. J. Spalding's Full Left Hand Glove, Boys' size. 25 
No. XX. Spalding's Best Quality Drab Buckskin 

Infielder's Glove, full left or right hand, each 3 00 

No. X. Spalding's Amateur Buckskin Infielder's 

Glove, each 2 00 

No. M. Spalding's Fielder's or Basemen's Glove, 

gold tanned, each I 5° 

No. N. Spalding's Fielder's or Basemen's Glove, 

imitation buckskin, each I 00 



CHICACO. 



A, G. SPALDING & BROS, n 



EW YORK. 



PHILADELPHIA. 



SPALDING'S SHOE PLATES. 




We have experienced more difficulty 
in the manufacture of a Shoe Plate than 
any other article that goes to make up a 
ball player's outfit, but at last we are 
prepared to offer something that will 

five the player satisfactory service. 
4o. 3 0. Spalding's Extra Special 
Hand Forged Steel Plates, 
polished and plated, per pair,$0 75 
No. 2-0. Spalding's Hand Forged 

Sxeel Heel Plates, per pair, 50 
No. 0. Spalding's Tempered Steel 
Shoe Plate, made of imported 



50 



K 

16 





steel, and warranted not to hend or break ; put up with screws. 
No. 1. Professional Steel Shoe Plate, similar in shape and style to 

the No. Plate, put up with screws per pair 

No. 2. Amateur Steel Shoe Plate, put up with screws 

PITCHER'S TOE PLATE. 

Made of heavy brass, to be worn on the toe 

of the right shoe. A thorough protection to the 

•hoe, and a valuable assistant in pitching. All 

professionals use them. 

Each 60c. 

Any of above plates sent post- 
paid on receipt of price. 



SPALDING'S 
BASE BALL STOCKINGS. 

Per dor. 

No. 2-0. Spalding's New Linen Sole Base 

Ball Stockings J15 00 

No. 1 -0. Spalding's New Linen Sole.Bicycle 

or Tennis Stockings 13 20 

Special. League Hegulalinn, made of the 
finest worsted yarn. The following; col- 
ors can be obtained: White, Light 
Blue, Navy Blue, Scarlet, Gray, Green, 
Old Gold, Brown 18 00 

No. 1. Fine Quality Woolen Stockings, Scar- 
let, Blue or Brown 12 00 

No. 2. Good Quality Woolen Stockings, 

Scarlet, Blue or Brown 9 00 

No. 3. Second Quality Woolen Stockings, 

Scarlet or Blue 6 00 



Sample p&ir mai'.e.l on receipt of price 

aucAoa 1 6. SPALDING & BROS, newvork. 

PHILADELPHIA. 



No. O. LEAGUE 
CLUB BAT BAG, 

made of st>le leath- 
er, name on side, 
to hold i% dozen 
bats.. each, $15. OO 



BAT BAGS. 




~~& No. 1. CANVAS 

f\ BAT BAG, heavy 

waterproof canvas, 

leather ends, to 

~*Xkl. Hflft ho\d 2 dozen bats 

~~~^ a *^ i^^ ^HfflP each $ 5,00 

CANVAS BAT BAG, heavy waterproof canvas, leather 

. to hold i dozen bats each, $4 OO 



<P 3P 

No. Ol. INDIVIDUAL LEATHER BAT BAG, for 2 bats, Spald- 
ing'^ design, used bv the players of the Chicago Club, each, $4 OO 

No. 03. INDIVIDUAL CANVAS BAT BAG, heavy waterproof 

canvas, hath' r cap at both ends each, 1 50 

No. 03. INDIVIDUAL CANVAS BAT BAG, heavy canvas, 

leather cap at one end each, 100 

BASES. 





Marble H 
Plates for 



Pitcher's Box Plates. 

No. 0. League C lub 

made of extra canvas, 
td and quilted com- 
plete, with straps and 
l.on-.e 
. .per set of three, $7 50 
No. J. Canvas Bases, 

straps and spikes, with- 
out home plate 5 00 

No. 2. CI Bases, 

with st aps and 
complete, without borne 

4 00 

Home Plate. Rubber Home I late... each, 7 50 

Marble Home Plate best each, 3 00 

ome Plate, second quality each, 

"'ilcher's box, rubber . 



.set, 10 00 



CHIOA 



oo. A. 6. SPALDING & BROS, n-v 



YORK. 



PHILADELPHIA. 




* 



BASK BALI. UNIFORMS. 

(CONTINUED.) 

NO. I UNIFORM 

NO. 1 Uniform. The flannel used in this uniform is the same quality as 
the No. o grade but lighter in weight. We have fifteen styles, and all shown 
on sample card, which will be mailed on application. 

PRICE. 

No. i. Quality Shirt, any style Each, $4 00 

" 1. " Pants, " " 3 75 

" 1. M Stockings '* ico 

" 1st •* Caps " 75 

" oora" Belt " 50 

Necktie to match trimmings. 

Uniform complete, without shoes $10 00 

Extra fjr Padded pants Each pair, 1 50 

NO. 2 UNIFORM. 

NO. 2 Uniform. Made of 45^ oz. twilled flannel, in the following 
colors: No. 31, White; No. 32, Vale Gray; No, 33, Shaker Gray ; No. 34. 
Steel, mixed ; No. 35, Navy Blue. 

PBICB. 

No. 2. Quality Shirt, any style Each, $3 00 

" 2. " Pants, " " 275 

" 2. " Stockings " 75 

" ad " Caps " co 

" ior 3 " Belt, " 40 

Necktie to match trimmings. 

Uniform complete, without Shoes $7 5° 

Extra for Padded pants Each pair, 1 50 

NO. 3 UNIFORM. 

NO. 3 Uniform. Made of various colors of flannel. Heavy and strong. 
The best value at the price. 

PRICE. 

No. 3. Quility Shirt, any style Each, $2 00 

'• 3. « Pants, " > 75 

•■ 3. " Stockings " 50 

" 3. " Caps " 5a 

" 30M •■ Belt " 25 

Uniform complete, without Shoes $5 00 

Extra lor Padded pants Each pair, 1 00 

NO. 4 UNIFORM. 

Made of a White Shaker flannel and a Gray Cotton Cloth. 
PRICE. 

No. 4. Quality Shirt, plain, pleat or lace Each, $1 60 

«• 4. " Pants " 1 25 

«' 4. " Stockings " 25 

Canton Flannel Cap, lined " 25 

No. 4 Belt ' |S 

Uniform complete, without Shoes $3 5° 

Extra for Padded pants Each pair, 75 

Special Measurement Blanks, Samples of Flannel aud Belt Webbing 
for all of above Uniforms furnished upon application. 

chicaco. A. 6. SPALDING & BROS. 

PHILADELPHIA. 



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